April 3 2013
Kaufman, Stephen. "Most Americans Believe Smoking Should Be Banned in Public Places." Opposing Viewpoints: Tobacco and Smoking. Ed. Susan C. Hunnicutt. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Houston Community College. 3 Apr. 2013
In the following viewpoint, Stephen Kaufman, who is a staff writer for the Washington File, published by the U.S. Department of State, states that the American public has changed its attitude regarding to smoking (Kaufman 1). Kaufman supports his statement that public attitudes are changing in a meeting with John F. Banzhaf, an lawyer who teaches public interest law at George Washington Law School in Washington, D.C. (Kaufman 1). Smoking bans are generally seen as an effort to protect the health of nonsmokers (Kaufman 1). Eleven states have banned smoking in indoor public places such as malls, restaurants and bars (Kaufman 1). The article is biased because it looks at the idea of smoking in public places from the point of view which favorite the nonsmoking. The article fits into smoking in public places by providing some example of culture changes; building on successes and smoking bans discourage new smokers. Kaufman uses pathos in order to make the writers fell what he is trying to say, "We are much less tolerant toward smoking. We are much more willing to ban smoking and to go far further than we would have only a few years ago." (Kaufman 1). He also uses logos by giving statistics of tobacco in USA, “Gone are Joe Camel and the Marlboro Man from their former prevalence on U.S. billboards, replaced by anti-smoking ads under terms of the 1999 tobacco settlement [in which tobacco companies agreed to pay 46 states $206 billion in damages].” (Kaufman 1). Furthermore, this article about smoking in public places is a very helpful source, and I believed that most of the things that he said is true, in others words, many culture are changing over the world.
Bast, Joseph. "Smoking Should Not Be Banned in Public Places." Opposing Viewpoints: Tobacco and Smoking. Ed. Susan C. Hunnicutt. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2009. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Houston Community College. 5 Apr. 2013
In the following viewpoint, Joseph Bast, who is president and CEO of the Heartland Institute, a nonprofit research and educational organization that promotes free market solutions to social and economic problems, claims "people are free to do things both great and foolish so long as they do not conflict with an equal right held by others." (Bast 1) This involves smoking (Bast 1). Since scientific reports have not recognized the power of secondhand smoke, smoking bans should not be established in law, he says (Bast 1). There is indication that fewer individuals are smoking, even in places where rules have not been passed, and he considers that singular freedoms should be preserved (Bast 1). The article is biased because it looks at the idea of smoking in public places being a freedom in which individuals choose both blameless and reckless as long as they do not struggle with an equal detained by others. The article fits into smoking in public places by bringing some example of rights of smoking, costs of smoking, arguments based on junk science, coercion is not necessary, and freedom must be protected. Bast used logos to show to the reader how the cost of cigarette has a big impact in states taxes, “The 2004 average retail price of a pack of cigarettes was $3.82. The federal tax was $0.47, state tax $1.41...nearly half the retail price. Smokers in some states pay more in taxes on cigarettes than in state income taxes, which is a polite way of saying smokers are forced to pay twice as much in state taxes as nonsmokers” (Bast 1). An example of use of pathos in this viewpoint that Bast uses to persuade his audiences to understand his point was "if we wish to preserve a free society, it is essential that we...