M. B. A. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT I YEAR
1.2 HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
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Signature of the Faculty Concerned:
1.HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT4
1.1FUNCTIONS AND OBJECTIVES OF HRM5
2.1CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT:7
3.0DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND PERSONAL MANAGEMENT8 4.0CONCLUSION10
2.0NEED FOR PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL13
3.0PROBLEMS IN PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL14
4.0ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN MAKING PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL EFFECTIVE16 5.0CONCLUSION18
“Human Resource Management is a proactive approach and Personnel Management is a reactive approach to perform the same set of functions related to managing human resources.” Do you agree with this statement?
1. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Human Resource Management is the science and the practice that deals with the nature of the employment relationship and all of the decisions, actions, and issues that relate to that relationship. In practice, it involves an organization’s acquisition, development, and utilization of employees, as well as the employee’s relationship to an organization and its performance. Human Resource Management is a planned approach to managing people effectively for performance. It aims to establish a more open, flexible and caring management style so that staff will be motivated, developed and managed in a way that they can and will give of their best to support departments' missions. Human Resources Management – HRM is the field of Management which has to do with planning , organizing , directing and controlling the functions of procuring , developing , maintaining and utilizing employees such that : * Objectives of the company are attained;
* Objectives of all levels of personnel are served to the highest possible degree; and * Objectives of society are duly considered and served.
The important processes are related to acquisition, maintenance, development and motivation of people to ensure their commitment, creativity, best effort and cooperation in achieving organizational objectives. The American Society for Training and Development has identified nine human resources areas that constitute the field of HRM. These areas are: 1. Selection and Staffing,
2. Training and Development,
3. Compensation , benefits and reward,
4. Organization development,
5. Human resources planning,
6. Union labour relations,
7. Personnel research and information system,
8. Employee assistance and
9. Organization/job design
1.1FUNCTIONS AND OBJECTIVES OF HRM
* Determines and communicates overall Human Resource Management policy and standards of best practice.
* Advises departments on the implementation of policies and the development of their Human Resource Management plans.
* Formulates pay and conditions of service, fringe benefits and allowances and also deals with proposals for changes to structures of grades/ranks and for creation of directorate posts in the light of advice from independent standing bodies.
* Deals with appointment, promotion and discipline relating to senior positions. It also processes cases relating to staff complaints, early retirement, legal assistance for employees, and benefits for retired employees.
* Ensures service-wide comparability between grades and ranks with similar responsibilities.
* Consults with major staff associations.
* Manages the Administrative and General Grades.
* To create and utilize an able and motivated workforce to accomplish the basic organization structure and desirable working relationships...