Animation Assignment

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  • Topic: Animation, Traditional animation, Computer animation
  • Pages : 7 (2383 words )
  • Download(s) : 75
  • Published : March 15, 2012
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Walt Disney with his popular character, Mickey Mouse, as he was originally. Animation

One of the many animating programs animators use.

An image showing how Bugs Bunny has developed over the years as an animated character. Felix the Cat, one of the very first animations.

Table of Contents:
Introduction …………………………………………………………….Page 3

1. What Is Animation? ……………………………………………….Page 3

2. History of Animation:
2.1 Early Ages…………………………………………………………….Page 3 2.2 Early Animated Films……………………………………………….Page 4 2.3 Mid 1900’s…………………………………………………………….Page 4

3. Modern Animation
3.1 Computer Animation……………………………………………….Page 5

4. Money and Animation
4.1 The Cost of Animated Films………………………………………Page 6 4.2 The Profits of Animation…………………………………………..Page 7

5. The Success of Animations
5.1 Successful Animations…………………………………………….Page 8 5.2 What Makes a Successful Animation……………………………Page 8

6. Notable People in Animation
6.1 James Stuart Blackton……………………………………………..Page 9 6.2 Walt Disney…………………………………………………………...Page 9 6.3 Tex Avery, Chuck Jones and Fritz Freleng……………………..Page 9 Introduction
In this report on animation I will be covering many things. First I will be giving a brief summary of what animation is before moving onto the history of animation and where it has come from. I will then move on to more current times an then go through what makes animations so successful. 1. What Is Animation?

Animation is a widely used form of entertainment or design that makes images appear alive with motion. To accomplish this, a succession of pictures are taken and then shown quickly after each other to make the image look like it has movement and life in. This effect can be achieved in multiple ways. Animation can be transformed into a business, or can be used simply for entertainment. The name animation came from the Latin word ‘anima’ which is the vital force inside every living thing. It is often used as a translation for the Greek word ‘psyche’ and related to the Christian idea of soul. Animation to the Greek was giving ‘soul’ to inanimate objects and images.

2. History of Animation

2.1 Early Ages
A image from the clip, Humorous Phases of Funny Faces
Animation can be found as early as the Stone Age in caves as paintings on the walls. The paintings had multiple pictures of the same object to show that the image was moving and were a very early attempt at trying to capture movement. Another attempt at animation was found on a 5200 year-old pot made in Iran. The pot had images that had moved all around the outside of the pot, which when spun could potentially form movement. Leonardo Da Vinci also attempted to show movement in his paintings and drawings, for example his most famous sketch of the biology of man. Many other types of animations were explored during the 1800’s. These ranged from the flip book, where images were drawn on several pages of paper then flipped rapidly, to the Praxinoscope, which was a cylinder with images painted on the side then spun fast.

2.2 Early Animated Films
The animation that is regarded as the first animated film was developed in 1906. It was made by a man called James Stuart Blackton. He is generally regarded to be the father of animation. He made the animation by taking several hundred photographs and then inserting them into a slide to play them on a film. It was called Humorous Phases of Funny Faces and moved at 20 frames per second, which is regarded as average in modern animation. Emile Cohl replicated this technique and made a film called ‘Fantasmagorie’, which consisted of 700 slides and had a running time of 2 minutes. He screened the film in France, and later he moved to the U.S.A. and spread the use of animation. This further influenced a Russian scientist by the name of Ladislas Starevitch, who used this technique to make his own film in 1911 but instead of using drawings, he used dead insects as characters in his film.

Later in 1914, an American...
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