5B EFSTerm 1/2012Topic: Animal testingIssue: Should animal testing be banned?Bùi Phi Hoàng.Teachers: Mark & Graham.
Annually, more than 100.000 animals are used for test product’s security included household cleaners, cosmetics and pharmaceutical products (PETA Fact Sheet). For many years, the application of animals has been considered to be a normal strategy in three primary fields: biomedical research, education and product safety evaluation. In 2009, it was estimated that approximately, 3.6 million animals were used for testing and were killed after experiments; about 2.7 million of them were not administered with anesthesia. Animal welfare groups are pressuring world governments to take steps to reduce their reliance on animal experiments and to inflict strict regulations on animal testing (Government-Required Animal Testing: Overview). Around the world, animals are applied to test a huge variety of products ranging from shampoo to new cancer and HIV drugs. According to FDA (The U.S Food and Drug Administration), before being used by humans, every medicines need to go through a preclinical testing phrase which includes animal experiments (Sherre Stachura, 2008). Recently, questions about the moral around testing on living animals have been increased. As a result, government agencies are taking steps and several severe regulations have been published to ensure that such research is accomplished as humanely and ethically as possible(Testing on Animals: A Patient’s Perspective). A lot of argumentation and debates have been happened to looking for acceptance of such experiments. As there are many effective and accuracy alternative methods, animal testing should be banned; animals have the right to be free and live their own life. Animals have the right.
Arguments against animal testing are based on the grounds of morality,
the necessity or the validity of those experiments, whether the authority to accomplish such tests is granted properly, whether we actually need such tests and whether we practically gain useful knowledge from such tests. Animal welfare advocates assume that all animals are sentient and that is the reason why animals have the right to live their own life peacefully; meddling with sentient animals is unacceptable for a human being (Alternatives to Animal Testing on the Web: FAQs). In addition, the critics of animal testing believe that the aims of animal testing are not clearly and are not significant. “The World can live without another new-formula mascara” Dr. David Neel (1991, p.1) said, Director of Health Sciences Laboratory Animal Service. The pain and suffering of animals for beauty industry purposes is yet to be justified. Moreover, according to PETA fact sheet, it is not true that every major medical advance is involved with animal experiments. The paper in the British Medical Journal titled “Where is the Evidence that animal research benefits human?” (28 Feb 2004) concluded that missing evidence to support the ideal that animal testing has benefited human beings. In fact, many of the most major medical advances are based on human studies, including the development of X-rays and the isolation of the AIDS virus (Animal Testing Is Bad Science: Point/Counter Point). Animal testing is cruelty and unethical.
According to PETA Fact sheet, “No animal are safe from experimentation – primates, dogs, rats, mice, rabbits, pigs and cats are just a few of animals that are routinely used in these tests”. In fact, a laboratory animal is locked to a small cage; no much space to turn around; no choice for eating; or even have no right to turn on/off the lights (Cruelty to Animal in Laboratories, 2011). Although many alternative methods are available to the use of living animals on research, the law does not require that animal testing should be replace if there are alternatives. In despite of the availability of human cell- based in vitro (test tube) which is more humane, accuracy and...
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