Animal Testing at Dalhousie University

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Animal Testing at Dalhousie University: A brief insight into social, economic, and environmental effects of nonhuman animal testing Jessica Ellis, Mel Hall, Phil Ong, Leif Wege, Natalie Paterson, Chelsea Smith

Abstract
The purpose of our research was to examine whether the use of nonhuman animal testing as a method of scientific progress is a sustainable undertaking. This report explored the opinions of literature sources through literature review and surveyed psychology students at Dalhousie. Our literature review emitted two different results. First, industries that used animal testing supported the practise, feeling that benefits of testing outweigh the costs. Animal tests contribute to preventing substances from harming the environment and health of Canadians. We found that 58% of psychology students agreed, feeling animal testing is sustainable as it can lead to new discoveries that helps humans and the environment. Second, we found literature written by experts on animal testing, which examines the idea that animals and the rest of our environment are at our disposal and we may deal with them as we wish. These arguments led to the belief that animal testing is not sustainable. This report discusses the controversy of animal testing, and concludes with the need for further investigation into the sustainability of animal testing.

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Table of Contents
1. Introduction 1.1. Dalhousie University and the Role of Science 1.2. Overview of Dalhousie’s Stance toward Sustainability 1.2.1. Talloires and Halifax Declarations 1.2.2. Dalhousie Student Union Sustainability Office 1.2.3. The University Committee on Laboratory Animals 1.3. Issues Surrounding Animal Testing 1.4. Goals of this Project 2. Methods 2.1. Operationalizing Variables 2.2. Study Design 2.3. Procedure 2.4. Limitations and Delimitations 3. Results 3.1. Results to Survey Questions 3.1.1. Quantitative Results: Single Response Questions 3.1.2. Qualitative Results: Written Responses 3.2. Literature Review 3.2.1. Benefits of Animal Testing 3.2.1.1. Social 3.2.1.2. Economic 3.2.1.3. Environmental 3.2.2. Drawbacks of Animal Testing 3.2.2.1. Social Considerations 3.2.2.2. Economic Considerations 3.2.2.3. Environmental Considerations 4. Discussion 4.1. Overview of Findings 4.2. Survey Discussion 4.3. Further Discussion – What do the findings mean? 5. Conclusion 6. References 6.1. Literature Cited 6.2. Examples of Experiments Associated with Dalhousie Psychology and Neuroscience used for Background Study Appendix A

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1. Introduction
1.1 Dalhousie University and the Role of Science Dalhousie University is a scientific institution dedicated to teaching and research. Dalhousie has a wide range of programs and a broad scope of students. Various methods are employed by the university to teach these students and also by the university faculty conducting research. One of these methods is the use of nonhuman animal testing. Nonhuman animals have been used by humans for research for many centuries and the current form of the practise comes from a long history of the use of various animal species for human means. Animal testing includes pure research such as genetics, developmental biology, behavioural studies, as well as applied research such as biomedical research, drug testing and toxicology tests, including cosmetics testing. The use of animals for testing is now deeply entrenched in modern science, Dalhousie being no exception to this. Scientific research plays a major role in our civilization. In a time where the degradation of the human condition and environment is becoming more and more prominent, largely as a result of scientific innovation, it is reasonable to question the methods of our scientific progress. Despite an overwhelming presence of scientific research dedicated to bettering the human condition, and more recently that of the environment, through progress in scientific branches, the global environmental and human condition appears to be getting...
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