‘Animal Farm’ by George Orwell is a very interesting allegory about the Russian revolution which took place in 1917. In the beginning of the novel, the animals are ruled by their farmer Mr. Jones, a tyrant who neglected and overworked them. After the animal’s successful rebellion, their thoughts become so clouded with fantasies and dreams, and they are manipulated by the pigs to such an extent that they forget about the days when they were ruled by Mr. Jones, and they don’t see the reality of what is happening to their “equal society”. The reality was that the pigs “with their superior knowledge” took advantage of the other animals, and instead of establishing an egalitarian society, they replaced the tyranny of man with an even worse form of oppression and exploitation. Orwell clearly shows that: “power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.
On Manor Farm, “the life of an animal is misery and slavery” because of the poor conditions which Mr. Jones provides the animals to live in. Every animal is born to a life of labour, little food, and when they are no longer of use to their farmer, they will eventually be slaughtered with the utmost cruelty: “No animal escapes the cruel knife in the end”. They are forced to work long hours every day, only to have their produce taken from them by Mr. Jones, and to be given “the bare minimum” in return for their labour. Most of the animals just saw it as their way of life, but Old Major, the oldest and wisest animal on the farm, was able to see the need for change in their lifestyle. He realized that “man is the only real enemy” that the animals had and that “all the habits of man are evil”, so he knew that for the animals to live well and free, they would have to “toil for freedom’s sake” and overthrow “Jones’s hated reign”.
When the animals heard of the proposed revolution when “tyrant man shall be o’erthrown”, they started telling stories about the rebellion and “the golden future time” in which all of the animals would possess “riches more than mind can picture”. They dreamed of a world where every animal would be treated equally, and they would all be free to do whatever they wanted without having to fear for their own safety. The animals heads were soon filled with thoughts of “more for everyone to eat”, a small amount of work, lights and heaters in every stall to help them through the winter, and other wonderful fantasies. Old Major taught the animals a song called ‘Beasts of England’ which described their dreams of what life would be like after the revolution, and gave the animals a sense of hope and pride in themselves whenever they sang it. It became sort of a tradition for the animals to sing it together, so that they felt united and would hopefully never forget the true purpose of the rebellion.
One day, Mr. Jones went for a drink at the Red Lion “without bothering to feed the animals”. They were left starving throughout the night and finally decided that they’d had enough of being neglected: “At last they could stand it no longer”, so they smashed the door of the store shed down to access all the food inside. When Mr. Jones and his men tried to chase them out with their whips, all of the animals simultaneously attacked them and chased him out of the farm. “Before they knew what was happening, the rebellion had been carried through”. They had suddenly achieved their goal to live in a world where “cruel whips no more shall crack”, a world without the tyranny of man. To celebrate their victory, the animals made sure they “destroyed everything that reminded them of Mr. Jones”.
After the rebellion was carried out, the animal’s first impressions of a life without man met almost all of their expectations and more. The animals were able to help themselves to double rations of food from the store shed, which showed them that there was “food in abundance” without Mr. Jones running the farm, and they took some time to relax...