George Orwell who wrote Animal Farm uses animals to show how the influences and nature of power can be used for ultimate good or absolute evil. George attempts to show how the good idea of communism can be easily corrupted by the greed of the leader. It is about a group of animals that rebel against the farm owner in order to gain control of the farm and to be treated with more respect.
Old Major explains was one of the most respected animals in the farm. He called a meeting one night after Mr. Jones had fallen asleep from being so drunk. Old Major explained to the animals that he had dreamed about life on a farm where animals are not the slaves of the humans and live a life in peace, and all animals are comrades and equal. He went on to tell the comrades “Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever.” (Orwell,6) Orwell paints a grim picture of the political 20th century, a time he believed marked the end of the very concept of human freedom. (Paul Eissen,1997).
Three days later, Old Major passes. Though he is not present, his words were very influential on the rest of the animals. Napoleon and Snowball decide to take advantage of the momentum, exaggerate the cause, flesh out his vision, and convince the animals that it is possible. On a Saturday afternoon, Jones forgets to feed the animals again so the animals rebel against him and his wife and ran Mr. Jones and his wife off the farm.
The rebellion is a great success. For a while, the animals work as hard as they possibly can to keep the farm in pristine condition and keep every animal fed with abundant amounts of food. The animals truly did keep much better care of the farm than Mr. Jones ever had.
“The barnyard is roused to revolution. Led by the pigs, the animals
rout Jones and take possession; "Jones's Manor" is now called "Animal
Farm." Morale is high. Victory is sweet for the liberated animals but also
brief. At first, they gambol in joy at the prospect of living out their lives
in dignity, sharing in the prosperity their labor produces. Each works
hard to sustain the revolution.” (Katharine Byrne,1996) The pigs drew up seven commandments on the side of the shed they read: 1.
Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
No animal shall wear clothes.
No animal shall sleep in a bed.
No animal shall drink alcohol.
No animal shall kill any other animal.
All animals are equal. (Orwell 18)
These Seven Commandments are the basic principles of animalism worked out by the pigs to promote equality and required them to distance themselves from humans. It was propaganda for animalism, which was based on equality and not being humanlike in any way. These laws described originally as "unalterable laws" by which the animals were to live by. Most of the animals still could not read the commandments despite Snowball’s literacy classes. Nonetheless, the animals seem to have created a perfect society and they begin their harvest.
By this time, Snowball and Napoleon, the pigs, had their own agenda. Because the pigs are the most intelligent animals they did not do much physical work, convincing the other animals that they are best fit to do the organizing and directing of Animal Farm. “The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others. With their superior knowledge, it was natural that they should assume the leadership”. (Orwell,20).
Slowly the pigs were gaining more control over the farm and the animals. The rules were conveniently changing and the good times were short lived. The animals in the farm soon notice that the milk and apples have been missing. The importance of keeping the pigs in good health was all too obvious. So it was agreed without further argument that the milk and the apples should be reserved for the pigs alone. To justify this Napoleon...
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