Animal Farm

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1. It is fairly easy to work out how true and accurate Major’s satement is because he makes a cause and effect prediction. The animals achieve the first point of Major’s formula for success by driving out the men, so they should therefore look forward to a life together where hunger and overwork are only memories. Of course no such thing is created; by the end of the novel the majority of the animals are probably more miserable and oppressed than ever before. Major’s philosophy therefore fails its practical test. In many ways, the more interesting question is why this happens. 2. The original Seven Commandments were:

Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
No animal shall wear clothes.
No animal shall sleep in a bed.
No animal shall drink alcohol.
No animal shall kill any other animal.
All animals are equal.

Later in the novel, Napoleon has Squealer secretly paint over some of the Commandments to benefit the pigs without arousing suspicion that they were breaking the laws. The revised Commandments were: Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.

Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend
No animal shall wear clothes.
No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets.
No animal shall drink alcohol to excess.
No animal shall kill any other animal without cause.
All animals are equal.

3. In Orwell’s Animal Farm a contributing factor to the confusion of the animals were that the pigs, which worked less, received more rations than the other animals. It was explained that the pigs needed more rations to stay healthy, as they were mandatory to the success of Animal Farm. This, to the animals, clarified why in an equal society one species was receiving more than another. The other animals respected this answer only because they trusted their leaders and were willing to sacrifice for a better life. In Russia the situation was more or less the same, as greedy leaders took advantage of...
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