What are currently the poor conditions for animals in the American slaughterhouses, what are the causes of these conditions, and what are the best methods for preventing slaughterhouse cruelty?
The conditions for animals in modern slaughterhouses are unsanitary and violent. The lack of rules and regulations cause animals to be treated poorly because this industry is focused on mass production and profit rather than finding a more humane alternative to run the meat packing business. The most effective method to stop this cruelty is to learn about where meat comes from, start supporting the organic and family farms which will ultimately lead to the reducing the amount of animals that have to suffer.
Millions of animals endure a life of hunger, stress, pain, and sickness in order to eventually be violently killed when living in a typical modern day slaughterhouse. Instead of living a normal life, these animals are tortured. The living conditions for these animals include lack of sunlight, chaining and caging, forced insemination, malnutrition and abuse from the factory workers and other animals (Coats 126). All these conditions have a great impact on the animals that endure them. Sunlight is needed in an animal’s life because when sunlight comes into contact with skin, it creates vitamin D which helps form strong bones. When talking about animal confinement, researchers say, “Studies over the last two decades have led to a greater understanding of the physiological effects of restricted movement, which can be quite deleterious to the animal, and even cause death” (Big Cat Rescue). In the poultry industry, chickens and turkeys are genetically altered in order for them to produce more meat. These mutations make it impossible for the birds to reproduce naturally therefore artificial insemination is considered necessary. These artificial alterations lead to many health problems and many times death. Abuse plays a large role in the daily routine in a slaughterhouse. The animals are constantly beaten, stunned and prodded. These cruelties cause animals to suffer from disturbed behavior patterns such as aggression and anxiety because the animal cannot follow its natural instincts. In order to deal with these unnatural feelings, animals use “coping skills” like repeating movements, chewing on the bars, and sucking on others’ body parts (Dugan). Most slaughterhouses have crossed the line with how they treat the animals, the conditions animals have to endure are unjust and inhumane.
After living in unbearable conditions, the animals must endure the long journey to be transported to where they will be killed. The vehicles that transport the animals are designed to move the greatest amount of animals without spending a lot of money and time (Dugan).While being transported, animals are neglected and deprived of space, food, water and light. Due to the lack of space, animals are often suffocated to death by those around them. Emily Dugan, a journalist, describes transportation methods by saying, “For nine days, hundreds of pigs are crammed together in the dark, standing in their own excrement. Exhausted and hungry, they become ill, vomiting from motion sickness and waiting for long periods without food.” In some cases, animals will be living on top of carcasses until the journey is over.
The actual act of slaughtering brings up even more violence towards the animals. Once they have arrived, the animals are put in holding pens and workers sort through the living and those who died on the way. Those who weren’t thrown into the “dead pile” are electrocuted by prods that force them into the conveyor belt where the animal’s head is restrained (HYPERLINK "http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.amazon.com%2FJeremy-Rifkin%2Fe%2FB000APENQ2%2Fref%3Dntt_athr_dp_pel_1&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNEATDtw5OJgr9tqQH5T83criFu5dg"RifkinHYPERLINK...