Alejandro G. Abadilla (March 10, 1906–August 26, 1969), commonly known as AGA, was a Filipino poet, essayist and fiction writer. Critic Pedro Ricarte referred to Abadilla as the father of modern Philippine poetry, and was known for challenging established forms and literature's "excessive romanticism and emphasis on rime and meter". Abadilla helped found the Kapisanang Panitikan in 1935 and edited a magazine called Panitikan. His Ako ang Daigdig collection of poems is oneof his better known works. Early life
Abadilla was born to an average Filipino family on March 10, 1906, in Salinas, Rosario, Cavite. He finished elementary school at Sapa Barrio School, then continued for high school education in Cavite City. After graduation, he worked for abroad into a small printing shop in Seattle, Washington. He edited several section of the Philippine Digest, Philippines-American Review and established Kapisanang Balagtas (Balagtas' Organization). In 1934, he returned to the Philippines where he finished AB Philosophy at the University of Santo Tomas. Until 1934, he became municipal councilor of Salinas before shifting to insurance selling job. Major works
Aside from writing Ako ang Daigdig, Abadilla wrote several poems and compilation of his works: * Mga Kuwentong Ginto (Golden Stories) - he co-edited with Clodualdo del Mundo. * Mga Piling Katha: Ang Maikling Kathang Tagalog (Chosen Works: An Anthology of Short Stories in Tagalog) - he co-edited with F.B. Sebastian and A.D.G. Mariano. * Maiikling Katha (Short Stories) - together with Commission on Filipino Language head Ponciano B.P. Pineda. * Mga Piling Sanaysay (Several Essays).
* Parnasong Tagalog: Katipunan ng mga piling tula mula kina Huseng Sisiw at Balagtas hanggang sa kasalukuyang panahon ng pamumulaklak at pagkaunlad (Tagalog Works: Compilation of Poems from Huseng Sisiw through Francisco Balagtas until Present Times of Flourishing Philippine Poetry). * Ako ang Daigdig at Iba pang mga Tula (I am the World and Other Poems). * Tanagabadilla, Una at Ikalawang Aklat (Tanagabadilla: First and Second Books)- compilation of Abadilla's tanagas. In Filipino poetry, a tanaga is a short poem of one stanza with 7-7-7-7 syllabic verse, with an AAAA rhyme scheme. Usually, a tanaga is embedded with symbols. Tanagabadilla is a coined term consisting of tanaga and Abadilla. * Pagkamulat ni Magdalena (Magdalena's Awakening) - a novel which he co-edited with Elpidio P., Kapulong. Ako ang Daigdig
According to Pedro Ricarte, Abadilla's major breakthrough in Philippine poetry was when he wrote his poem Ako ang Daigdig (I am the World) in 1955. Initially, poetry critics at that time rejected the poem since it does not follow the traditional poetry that uses rhyming scheme and proper syllable numbering. In the poem, the repetition of the words ako (I), daigdig (world) and tula (poem) leaves an impression that the poet, Abadilla, is not himself. The speaker of the poem tells that he himself, his world of poem and his poems are united as one
Angela Manalang-Gloria (1907 - 1995) was a Filipino female poet in the English language. Early life
Angela Caridad Legaspi Manalang was born on August 2, 1907 in Guagua, Pampanga to parents, Felipe Dizon Manalang (born in Mexico, Pampanga) and Tomasa Legaspi (whom she hardly mentions). However, their family later settled in the Bicol region, particularly in Albay. Caring—as she is fondly called—studied at St. Agnes Academy in Legaspi, where she graduated valedictorian in elementary. In her senior year, she moved to St. Scholastica's College in Malate, Manila, where her writing started to get noticed. Angela Manalang was among the first generation female students at the University of the Philippines. Angela initially enrolled in law, as suggested by her father. However, with the advice of her professor C.V. Wickers, who also became her mentor, she eventually transferred to...