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Anemia is a deadly disease; approximately 50% of people with sickle cell anemia survive to mid-40’s although fewer than 10% live more than 60 years. The devastating thong about anemia is that it can be inherited and with no cure, the cases of Anemia are increasing. Even though there is no cure, early diagnosis of low blood count can lead to better treatment, with better treatment, patients can live normal lives. However, the key to early diagnosis is learning what anemia is and the causes of this blood disease. Anemia is a blood disease in which the red blood cells in the body are low in number or in volume. Anemia is also called, anemia condition and occurs red blood cells lack an oxygen carrying pigment called hemoglobin. There are several types of anemia but they all fall under one of the following categories. The first category is macrocytic anemia, which is when the red blood cells are larger than normal. Another category for anemia is normocytic anemia, differentiated by a decrease in the number of blood cells. The third type of anemia is simple microcytic anemia, which is described as smaller than normal red cells. The last category for anemia is microcytic hypochromic anemia. This category is characterized by a reduction in red blood cell size and hemoglobin concentration. The most common type of anemia is iron deficiency anemia. This anemia is a medical problem in which the person does not have enough iron in their body or has been bleeding excessively. Another common form of anemia is anemia of chronic disease. This anemia is the second most common after iron deficiency. The cause of anemia of chronic disease includes acute and chronic bacterial and viral infections, parasitic or fungal infections, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematous, sarcoidosis, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic kidney disease, and the rejection of solid organ transplant. Other types of anemia are sickle cell anemia, Fanconi’s anemia, and pernicious anemia. There...
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