Andrew Jackson 4

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The day that the first colonist set foot on this land, the Native Americans fate was sealed. What happened to the Native Americans was less than respectable on our part.  They were stripped of all dignity, one layer at a time. The United States was irresponsible in carrying out the Indian Removal Act of 1830 by encouraging coercion and deceit, outright breaking of existing treaties and making empty promises they never intended to keep. Also the Americans thirst for land made it almost inevitable that the Indians were going to be removed . The slow disappearance of the Indians, specifically the five “civilized” tribes east of the Mississippi River: Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw and Seminoles began well before the actual ratification of the Indian Removal Act. Before this Act was actually realized, the process of removing the Native Americans had already begun as European Americans advanced to the west.  Native Americans were once a peaceful people for the most part, now forced to fight a losing battle.  President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law in May of 1830. The Act authorized the President to negotiate with the southern Native Americans for their land and improvements on that land. There was also a provision that authorized him to provide funds for transportation of the Native Americans to the west. However, the Indian Removal Act failed to give actual legal authority to seize the land of Native Americans who did not wish to relinquish their land. Many saw the Native Americans as uncivilized nations that were unable to adjust into our culture. Attempts were made, but any progress was intentionally ignored giving way to paternalism and the assumption that they would be better off isolated away from the white man where they could live and hunt as they pleased.  Thomas Jefferson noted that Native Americans were an intelligent people and if given enough time would gain civilized structure even though they were not as advanced as European Americans (Keller 44).  Even though President Jefferson provided education and assistance to the Native Americans in hopes of civilizing them, he knew that the land, which they possessed, was in increasing need for the expansion of the growing white populous of the Eastern Coast. The Native Americans were victims of deceit even at the hands of President Thomas Jefferson. He sent missionaries to live among the many tribes providing education and influence in an attempt to civilize them. President Jefferson’s theory was if they could become farmers and raise livestock, they would not need the vast lands on which they hunted and would willingly give up the lands in their possession. The U.S. Government offered tools and supplies to the Native Americans in an effort to assist them in learning husbandry and farming. The women were taught how to weave material for clothing and the men given the utensils needed to farm the land. The U.S. Government offered these goods at a reduced price; President Jefferson, knowing that the Indians would not be able to repay for the tools and goods noted they would have to make good on their debt by land cessation. General Andrew Jackson began to rid the Native American populous of their lands in the east. General Jackson viewed the Native Americans as a threat to national security. This belief only strengthened by the invasion of the British in the War of 1812. With the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent, General Jackson was ordered by the administration in Washington to execute Article IX of the treaty, which would require reinstatement of all land taken from the Indians before 1811. However, General Jackson refused to return the 23 million acres taken from the Creek Nation, viewing this land as necessary to national security. Nobody stopped him. General Jackson would often use bribery to entice tribal chiefs into signing treaties resulting in the cessation of their lands. Jackson interpreted the laws to benefit his own cause in an...
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