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Andrew Carnegiek

By | December 2012
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Andrew Carnegiek

Andrew Carnegie rose from a $1.20 a week job for a thread company to the head of a company that sold for the equivalent of $12.5 billion! He worked as hard at giving his wealth away as he did to earn it. Carnegie donated most of his money to establish libraries, schools, and universities in the United States. He also worked with unions and produced about one-half of all United States steel. Carnegie was a man whose actions bettered the situation of the country, he was an American hero.

Carnegie gave away most of his money to establish many libraries, schools, and universities in America, the United Kingdom and other countries, as well as a pension fund for former employees (Source H - A partial list of Carnegie’s philanthropy). He is known as the second-richest man in history. Carnegie thought about education & helped the society out because he knew that was important. The first were for "free public libraries"; some 3,000 were scattered over the English-speaking world. In 1895 the magnificent Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh was opened, housing an art gallery, a natural history museum, and a music hall. Originally under the institute was a group of technical schools which blossomed into the Carnegie Institute of Technology, today the basis of the Carnegie Mellon University. The Carnegie Institution of Washington was set up to encourage pure research in the natural and physical sciences. Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was created to provide pensions for university professors.

From 1875, the Carnegie Company had come across with wage and work agreements on a 3-year basis with this union, (Document E: Average Daily Hours and Average Daily Wages). The Carnegie Company was not antiunion, and in two articles that Carnegie wrote in 1886 he claimed that workers had a right to negotiate with management through their unions, (Document F: The Steel Workers Union addresses the question of how wealth is distributed). He recognized...
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