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William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in April 26, 1564, the son of John Shakespeare, a successful Glover and alderman from Snitterfield, and Mary Arden, a daughter of the gentry. His birth is assumed to have occurred at the family house on Henley Street. Shakespeare's christening record dates to April 26 of that year. Because christenings were performed within a few days of birth, tradition has settled on April 23 as his birthday. William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer of the English language, and as the world's preeminent dramatist. He wrote in all approximately 38 plays and 154 sonnets, as well as a variety of other poems. Already a popular writer in his own lifetime, Shakespeare became increasingly celebrated after his death and his work adulated by numerous prominent cultural figures through the centuries. He is often considered to be England's national poet and is sometimes referred to as the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard") or the "Swan of Avon By 1592, Shakespeare was a playwright in London and by late 1594, Shakespeare was an actor, writer and part-owner of a playing company, known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men. The group became popular enough that after the death of Elizabeth I and the coronation of James I (1603), the new monarch adopted the company and it became known as the King's Men. Shakespeare's writing shows him to indeed be an actor, with many phrases, words, and references to acting, but there isn't an academic approach to the art of theatre that might be expected. By 1596, Shakespeare had moved to the parish of St. Helen's, Bishops gate, and by 1598 he appeared at the top of a list of actors in Every Man in His Humor written by Ben Jonson. Also by 1598, his name began to appear on the title pages of his plays, presumably as a selling point.. A number of Shakespeare's plays have the reputation of being among the...
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