Ancient World History: Key Terms

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Final Review
Ancient World History

Be able to Define and Explain these Key Terms
Chapter 6:
* Republic-A form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by citizens who have the right to vote * Patricians-In ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class * Plebeians-In ancient Rome, one of the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population * Legions-A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback * Tribunes-In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights * Dictator-In ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for limited time * Triumvirate- In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government * Inflation-A decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services * Consuls-In the roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year t command the army and direct the government * Senate-In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up of only aristocrats * Mercenaries-A soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army * Aqueduct-A pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas * Apostles- One of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings * Bishop-A high ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churches * Pope-The bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church

Chapter 7:
* Patriarchal-Relating to a social system in which the father is head of the family * Civil Service-The administrative departments of a government- especially those in which employees are hired on the basis of their scored on examinations * Monopoly-A group’s exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods * Assimilation-The process of making...
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