Ancient Spain

Topics: Spain, Iberian Peninsula, Roman Empire Pages: 5 (1662 words) Published: April 30, 2013
Ancient Spain
In Ancient Spain, or as it was known then the Tribes of Hispania actually corresponds to the Iberian Peninsula. Different groups ruled this Peninsula before the year 1000. Spain was once occupied about “30,000 years ago by Paleolithic hunter-gatherers” (Gascoigne). This is known because of the “astonishing signs of their presence…in the painting with which they decorate the walls” (Gascoigne). Long after that the Iberians which are said to be the ancient people of Spain “migrated from Africa in the Neolithic period and again at the end of the Bronze Age, while the archaeological evidence…suggest that Iberians [origin dates] to the 3rd millennium BC” (Iberians). The Iberian people “introduce the tradition of stonework” which evolved from woodwork (Gascoigne). Although, during these times there was no structured social or government institution or economy to thrive for the people of Spain were technologically advancing. Afterwards comes the arrival and occupancy of the Celts from the 6th Century BC to 3rd century BC. These people were also known as Celtiberians and were strongly influenced by the Iberians. Celts’ cultural fashions like stone sculptures were adopted from the Iberian (The Ancient Celtiberian World). But the Celts came with new knowledge as well, speaking a different language and knowing how to work iron. The Celts were different from the Iberians because they were separated “culturally and politically into dozens of independent tribes and territories “ which shows their progressiveness creating small territories which can be compared to small towns today (The Ancient Celtiberian World). Also Celts’ is more advanced because their “agricultural and herding economies were practiced by people who live in small villages…and their metalworking flourished” (The Ancient Celtiberian World). The Celts are probably the first people to invade Ancient Spain to enhance and progress Spain’s economy. They have done this by simply putting their technical skills to work and creating rings, brooches and bangles that they can trade with, and bringing with them the new idea of agriculture to Spain. Following the Celts’ were the Phoenician people who actually named the Iberian Peninsula Span, which is why we call this Peninsula Spain today. The Phoenician merchants were actually the first people “who opened the trade of the Mediterranean Sea, and visited the Spanish provinces most frequently” (Ardzrooni 432). This is very important because Phoenicians opened the doors to not just trading within the country of Spain, but to other countries/territories near. This is very helpful for not just the people but can improve the economy as well. What they also did was “establish trading-posts and warehouses at Algeciras, Malaga, Cadiz, and Seville” which went even further to make it easier for the people to trade with others (Ardzrooni 432). Trading boosts the economy of any country, and because of the technical skills and opening up Spain to trade, the Phoenicians did just that. However the Phoenicians did not just come to aid Spain’s trade, but they visited Spain for the “gold, silver, copper and tin” they used in future wars against Rome (Ardzrooni 432). The Phoenicians were in Spain to use its resources for its own benefit, which may have deterred a growing economy but since they had an abundance of these materials I don’t believe it was really affecting the economy. Also, even though they did take these natural resources from Spain, they “introduced a system of coinage which greatly facilitated commerce” (Ardzrooni 433). This coinage system greatly developed the economy, as it was a new way for people to trade. They would trade silver coins, for another product for example linen or oil, which made it easier to trade because coins were easier to trade with then for example, an animal. The introduction of trading with other countries and using the coinage system to an extent developed the economy of Spain, although...
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