Ancient Rome and Roman Government

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Thesis Paragraph:

Rome:
From 100 to 600 CE, the Roman Empire experienced a number of political and cultural changes and continuities. While Rome experienced political change in terms of the impact of Christianity on the Roman government, patriarchy continued politically as the mainstay of the Roman governmental and law systems.

China:
From 100 to 600 CE, the Chinese empire experienced a number of political and cultural changes and continuities. While China experienced political changes in terms of the fall of the Han Empire, the centralized government continued politically as remaining under and holding a heavily Confucian influence.

Change 1:

Rome:
One political change that Rome experienced from 100 to 600 CE was the rise and effect of Christianity on the Roman government, through the development of the papacy and the reforms of Constantine, who made Christianity a legally accepted religion in 313 CE, by signing the Edict of Milan, Rome gradually established a religion-based monarchy as opposed to its former ruling aristocratic class. Christianity, brought over by trade with the middle east, was appealing to people of all backgrounds and social standing—it gave them a promise of a pleasant afterlife, preached the importance of brotherhood, and set guidelines that were unvaried based on social class, as opposed to the tenants of Greco-Roman paganism, which differentiated in rule sets based on social status. As a result, Constantine’s Byzantine Empire was able to be united under one belief system. In general, by 600 CE, monotheistic religions were flourishing in all of Asia and the Mediterranean, with the influence of Daoism and Judaism already prominent.

Continuity 1:

Rome:
A political continuity that Rome experienced during this time was the prolongation of a patriarchal Roman government, evident in the rigid dictatorship of the paterfamilias on a smaller family scale, having the total right to land and property within the family, as...
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