Ancient Humanities

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Marcus Fant
HUM250 Humanities
KGA 1 Field Trip Report

In this report I plan to take you through the ancient times with a journey with art. We will start in the Mesopotamia where you can see the Cuneiform writing which was the first form of known writing. They had a belief in Polytheism which I the belief in many Gods. It was their belief that the Gods power flows through the king. The next step would be to go to the Ancient Egyptian. They developed a style of writing called Hieroglyphics which is one of the earliest forms of writing. They also believed in polytheism and sacrifices at the time of burial. They buried their dead king are called Pharaohs in tombs called Pyramids. The Pharaohs are considered to have a sacred kingship. When we get to Ancient Greece (classical) that is called the Bronze Age (2500 – 1150 B.C.) their religious belief is at the height of Polytheism that is the belief in many Gods. The ruler in this time frame was King Minos who was the King of Minos, they make they make their home of the Island of Crete. The artisans were very skillful in frescos and figurines and vases. Minoans worshiped freedom and equality of women. The Mycenaean’s inhabit the city of Mycenae c 1600 – 1150. The culture was a warriors and pirate culture. Like the Egyptians they believed in life after death. Another part of their history would be the Trojan war. Our next step will be the Dark Ages (1150 – 900 b.,c.) Early Greeks (8th Century b.c.) The Minoans and Mycenaean’s was the base of their civilization. The had a belief in Polytheism and had anthropomorphic belief that the Greek Gods were shaped like humans. They did do sacrifies but only animals. Theology the making of gods is a synthesis of Greek Belief also Philosophy was also invented here also. Then we move to Ancient Rome (735b.c.) where the Etruscans we engineering arches, they also believed in polytheism. Julius Caesar the first dictator Octavian Agustus. Greek puls Hellenism and practicality were all parts of Roman culture. They started public altars and satues of emperor also during that time the coliseum was being built. The next part of our time line will bring Monotheism (the belief in one God) and then we see a new vision of how to look at the way are is done.

Iraq, Nimrud
Ashurnasirpal II and a Winged Deity, 883-859 BC
Relief; Sculpture; Stone, Gypseous alabaster, 90 3/4 x 83 in. (230.5 x 210.8 cm.) Purchased with funds provided by Anna Bing Arnold (66.4.3)
Art of the Middle East: Ancient Department.
Currently on public view: Hammer Building Room 308

Assyria, Nimrud
Deity Performing Ritual Purification, circa 870 B.C.
Relief; Sculpture; Stone, Gypseous alabaster, 90 3/4 x 83 in. (230.51 x 210.82 cm) Purchased with funds provided by Anna Bing Arnold (66.4.5)
Art of the Middle East: Ancient Department.
Currently on public view: Hammer Building Room 308

These massive carved stone panels are from the lavish Assyrian palace of King Ashurnasirpal II, at Nimrud, in what is now Northern Iraq. The images and writing you see served as powerful political propaganda, meant to inspire awe and fear. The King himself is in the center panel, wearing a cap, with a bowl atop his fingertips. By picturing himself among these semi-divine beings, he asserts that the gods themselves have anointed him to rule on earth. The cuneiform writing across the center of each panel spells out the same bold inscription. It reads, in part: [I am] Ashurnasirpal, the obedient prince, the worshiper of the Great Gods, the fierce dragon, the conqueror of all cities and mountains to their full extent, the king of rulers, who tames the dangerous enemies, the [one] crowned with glory, the [one] unafraid of battle, the relentless lion, who shakes resistance, the king [deserving] of praise, the shepherd, protection of the world, the king whose command blots out mountains and seas, who forced into compliance the relentless, fierce kings from the east to the west at his very approach....
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