Ancient History Essay

Topics: Caligula, Augustus, Claudius Pages: 4 (1111 words) Published: April 28, 2013
* Intro of the army and their overall influence.
* Tiberius and the army
* Gaius and the army
* Claudius and the army
* Nero and the army
* Conclude with an overall summary of the armies’ influence. * Intro of the army and their overall influence.
* Tiberius and the army
* Gaius and the army
* Claudius and the army
* Nero and the army
* Conclude with an overall summary of the armies’ influence. ANCIENT HISTORY ESSAY: JULIO CLAUDIANS;
The Army held an increasing amount of influential power over each of the Julio-Claudian Emperors’; the army was the base of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. The Principate was founded on the practice of maius imperium, supreme military potestas (power). Soldiers swore an oath of personal allegiance to the Princeps, and the military term imperator became a permanent title of the Princeps throughout this era.

Tiberius was the only Julio-Claudian that became Princeps with any real military experience. In his distinguished career he led his troops to victory and numerous campaigns in Germany and was hailed imperator many times. Throughout Tiberius’ reign was marked by the continued cooperation between the Princeps and the Senate, his careful oversight of the administration, a firm control over of the army and a restraint in the exercise of potestas. However, Tiberius’ control over particular cohorts in the army wavered with mutinies in certain parts of the empire; the remaining cohorts remained loyal to Princeps throughout his Principate. Raaflaub justifies this by stating that Tiberius‘ “long career as a commanding general provided him with such a bonus of loyalty within the armies that, after the mutinies, there were only minor difficulties.”

The influential power of the army can be seen manly in the Praetorian Guard, particularly in the role of the Prefect that has been heightened in potestas throughout the reign of Tiberius. This is conveyed when Tiberius reduced his role when he...
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