Ancient Greeks and Their Astronomy

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nd Their Influence on our Society
Considering the huge influence Greek’s have had on today’s society, we are fortunate enough to have been taught many things such as astronomy, and because of that we owe them (Greeks) immensely. Greek Astronomy, are those who wrote in Greek language, known as classical antiquity. Greek astronomy is complied of ancient Greek, Hellenistic, Greco-roman and late antiquity eras. The Hellenistic period is known as the phase of Greek astronomy, where as Pre-Hellenistic is known as classical Greek Astronomy. In Western culture, a major phase was the development of astronomy by both the Greek and Hellenistic astronomers, who were influenced by Babylonian astronomy. Greek astronomy has been characterized from the start by seeking a rational physical explanation for celestial phenomena. We can examine more in dept of the extent of how our universe started off, by looking back in history to the Greek mythology. In the beginning of it all, Chaos was the first to appear. Out of Chaos, sprung Gaia known as Earth, Uranus known as Sky and Heavens as well as Tartarus who was the god of the region beneath earth. From Gaia, came the 12 titans, one of who was known the titan father and father of Zeus, Cronus. The 3rd generation followed when Cronus and his sister, Rhea produced 6 Olympian children; Hestia, Hera, Demeter, Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus. Followed by the Olympian’s came the 4th generation (2nd generation Olympian Gods), who were fathered by Zeus. Our “planet” came from the Greek term “wanderer” , and these planets eventually received their Greek mythological names (as learned about earlier)which is equivalent to their Roman mythology name that is the basis for the modern English names of the planets. Seen from the naked eye, we can identify five planets with their Greek god name; Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The sun and moon as well used to be considered as planets seen with the naked eye, hence making a total of 7...
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