Response Paper 1: Topic 1
Ancient Greece began when they started to emerge from the Dark Ages. The Reformation era of Europe began when Martin Luther published the 95 Thesis in the 16th century. From the early Greeks to the Reformation era of Europe, the difference of distance and millennia conveyed a significant distinction in the practice of religion. Indicative are how religion, politics, and society were entwined and how that led to conflicts; next, the physical practice of ceremonies; and lastly, how believers celebrate or view their religious idols. The Reformation era of Europe raised countless conflicts than that of ancient Greece. Many Protestants and Christians alike at that time thought they were doing good to their faith by harming or killing the conflicting side. The greatest example being the Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in August 1572 when Henry, duke of Guise, led troops to assassinate Huguenot leader Coligny. This day, thousands of French Protestant civilians who were gathered in Paris for the celebration of the marriage of Marguerite of Valois (daughter of Henry II and Catherine de Medici) to Protestant king Henry IV of France, were barbarically murdered by “members of the king’s guard, and other bands of soldiers,[…]members of the civic militia, [who were initially ] stationed about the streets to help keep order, […and] but other citizens joined in as well” (Diefendorf; 20-21, 38). Deaths didn’t just only occur at this time during the reformation, numerous religious wars and conflicts broke out between Protestants and Catholics. 1562 in Paris, the most “inflammatory episodes of religious violence,” occurred between Protestants assembled for worship in the saubourg of Saint- Marcel, conflicted with Catholics in the nearby church of Saint- Medard. Claude de Sainctes, a Catholic priest, described how a woman was “dragged by the hair and beaten black- and- blue […]” but Protestants from Saint- Medard defended themselves, both sides’...
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