Ancient Greece and Roman Civilization

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Ancient Greece and Roman civilization comparison
The first Olympic games were held in Olympia, Greece. These games were part of the “Panhellenic Festival, instituted in 776 B.C.E in honor of the Greek gods”. The Olympic games occur in an every “four-year periods beginning with the first games in 776 B.C.E.” The Greeks had many sports such as, “200-yard sprint, footrace, wrestling, long jump, and boxing.” Greek athletes competed nude. However, women were not allowed to compete in the Olympic games. The Greeks believed that a “true sport was that which gave athletes an opportunity to rival the divinity of the gods.” In contrast to Greece, the Romans had a “variety of brutal blood sports.” Gladiator fights were “introduced in Rome in 264 B.C.E.” These games would symbolize the power of the emperors. In Rome, these events were held in the Coliseum. Gladiators fought wild animals. “Most Gladiators were criminals, prisoners of war, or slaves.” They were trained in schools and were forced to take part in the events. The Olympic games and Gladiator fights are different because in Greece it was mostly sport festivals, while in Rome it was representation to honor the emperors. Greek architecture monuments were designed to serve the living. One of the many type of Greek architectural structures is the Parthenon. It is a temple dedicated to Athena, the goddess of war. Built in glittering Pentelic marble. The Parthenon represents the “apex of a long history of post-and-lintel temple building among the Greeks.” The functions of the Parthenon, was to “display statues of the gods, for the rulers to go and sacrifice and worship in as a recognition of the protection provided by the gods.” In contrast, Roman architecture reflected the practical needs of the empire. The Romans are considered one of the greatest architects of ancient times. Also the Romans made good use of the “aqueducts, arches, vaults and domes.” For example, the Pantheon is “a temple dedicated to the seven...
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