Egypt grew up around the Nile river in Africa. The Nile River flows downhill from its source in the mountains. The Nile flows from South to North where it empties into the Mediterranean Sea. In 3200 BC Upper and Lower Egypt were united as one empire. This began the 1st Dynasty. Egyptian Dynasties continued until around 30 BC when Egypt was conquered by the Romans.
Ancient Egyptian society was divided into different classes. Family was important to them. Children were seen as a great blessing. Couples either had children of their own or adopted. As their parents aged, the children were expected to care for them. In their free time Egyptians hunted, fished, and played many sorts of games. A board game called Senet was discovered in many tombs. No rules for the game were discovered but Egyptologist can guess what the rules would have been like.
Ancient Egyptians were ruled by kings, or pharaohs, who loved and worshiped as gods. The Great Pyramids of Giza were built during the 4th Dynasty as tombs for the pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. Other famous pharaohs include Hatshepsut, the most famous female pharaoh¸ and Tutenkamen.
Much of Egyptian history was unknown until Jean-Francois Champollion discovered a stele known now as the Rosetta Stone. He became the first person in 1500 years to decipher ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. Since then Egyptologists, anthropologists who study Egyptian history, have worked tirelessly uncovering mysteries of ancient Egypt. Since the discovery of the Rosetta Stone, excavations have unearthed many artifacts and led to discoveries about ancient Egyptian life.
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