Ancient Egyptians

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Table of Contents

Thesis Statement…………………………………...1
Time period………………………………………...2 Geography/Location………….................................3 Political Characteristics……………………………5
Economy……………………………………….......8 Religious Beliefs………………………………….12
Social Structure…………………………………...15 Achievements/Accomplishments…………………18
Decline of Ancient Egypt…………………………20
Personal Observations…………………………….22
Bibliography……………………………………...23

Thesis Statement

Ancient Egypt has made incredible achievements at all aspects of a civilization. Over the years, Ancient Egypt has had many cultural accomplishments in art, architecture, and different philosophies which are still cherished today. Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east. Religiously speaking the ancient Egyptians are polytheistic and believe in multiple deities or gods. They overall believe that there are divine forces that rule the Earth and the afterlife. The ancient Egyptians have gone through a long and interesting line of rulers. In our modern time period today, we can look back, learn and cherish the ancient Egyptians.

Time Period

3100 BC – Hieroglyphics developed and King Menes united the Upper and Lower Kingdoms. •2700 BC – Pyramid building began, also the beginning of the Old Kingdom •2200 BC – The collapse of the Sixth Dynasty and the Old Kingdom; beginning of the Middle Kingdom •1700 BC – Earliest evidence of diagnostic medicine in Egypt and foreign invaders occupied the delta region; the fall of the Middle Kingdom •1550 BC – The rise of the New Kingdom

1503 BC – Woman ruler exercised all the rights of a pharaoh •1200 BC – Ramses became the most powerful pharaoh
1100 BC – The collapse of the New Kingdom
670 BC – The Assyrians attacked Egypt
525 BC – The Persians conquered Egypt
330 BC – Alexander the Great conquered Egypt
30 BC – The Romans conquered Egypt
The ancient Egyptians went through many turning points from the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms. The most important events were when the Egyptians were getting invaded and taken over by many different people, including the Persians, Alexander the Great and his men, and for the longest period of time, The Romans. During these times ancient Egypt was stripped down from some of their freedoms and traditions and also some cultural diffusion was forced upon them.

2 Geography/Location

As you read in the “Thesis Statement”, Egypt is located in the northeastern corner of Africa, bordering on the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east. The Egyptians most important natural resource was the Nile River, which flows from the Mediterranean Sea. They believed that they were blessed by the Nile and believed that the river was a gift from the Gods.

The ancient Egyptians geographically
divided their land into two types, the “black land”
and the “red land”. The “black land” was
considered the fertile land on the banks of the
Nile. Ancient Egyptians used this land for
growing crops. This was the only land in Egypt
that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black
silt was spread on the land every year after the Nile flooded. The “red land” was the barren desert
that protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts
3

protected ancient Egypt from nearby countries and invading armies. They also provided the ancient Egyptians with a source for different kinds of metals and stones....
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