Ancient Egyptian Mummification

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Ali Al-Dawood

Process Essay
Ancient Egyptian Mummification Mummification rituals in ancient civilizations are studied today to help us understand more about our worlds past. The ancient Egyptians believed the body was preserved for the afterlife. Mummification is the embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy and preservation of it by treating it with balsams and drugs and other chemicals. There were four main parts to the mummification process: embalm the body, wrap the body, final preparations, and the funeral.

The first step of mummification was embalmment. First, the body was washed in the Nile water. Next, the embalmers cut in the lift side to take out the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines. Then, they put the organs in canopic jars, but didn’t take out the heart because it was the center of intelligence and feeling, and the man needed it in the afterlife. Following this, they smashed the brain and removed it with a hook. After that, they packed the body in natron, salt and baking powder, to dry the body, so it didn’t decompose. Now the body was finished. The next part of mummification began.

The next and most important part was wrapping of the body. The embalmers wrapped it in linen. The head and neck were wrapped with strips of fine linen glued with resin. The hands were wrapped over the body. After that, they placed it on a wooden board. Finally, wrapping was completed and the next stage of final preparations began.

The third part was final preparations. First of all, the embalmers put the body in the coffin. After that, the coffin was put in the tomb and placed with the food and drink. Following this, the ritual of Opening of Mouth was done, so the mummy could eat. Therefore, the final preparations were finished.

The final step of the mummification process was the funeral. First, the deceased and his family came to the tomb for the funeral. They put his objects...
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