Ancient Egypt Assignment

Topics: Ancient Egypt, Great Pyramid of Giza, Khufu Pages: 4 (893 words) Published: August 15, 2012
History Portfolio
Ancient Egypt


Completed by
James Crawford 7N

[pic]Part 1A

List 10 key important facts on the Great Pyramid of Khufu

➢ The Great Pyramid of Khufu is also known as The Great Pyramid of Giza ➢ The Great Pyramid of Khufu was the largest pyramid ever built. ➢ The pyramid is made of over 2.5million polished limestone blocks. Each stone block weighed approximately 2.5 tonnes each. ➢ It was built for Pharaoh Khufu as his tomb.

➢ The square base of the pyramid covers a 6 hectare area.
➢ The points of the base are aligned almost exactly with the main points of a compass. ➢ The burial chamber is located in the centre of the pyramid. ➢ There are three known chambers within the pyramid. The Kings burial chamber, the Queens burial chamber. The other chamber was beneath the King and Queens chamber and was unfinished. ➢ The burial chamber can be reached by a series of passages including a 9 metre hire gallery. ➢ There are many passages that were made with traps to try to stop possible grave robbers.

Part 2A

Write a 300 word report on the role of the pharaoh in Ancient Egypt

The Pharaoh in ancient Egypt was considered by the people to be the most powerful person in ancient Egypt. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people. They were seen as an embodiment of the spirit of Horus. They believed that the spirits of their god and all of his predecessors dwelled within him.

The Pharaoh held the titles of the “Lord of the Two Lands” and “High Priest of Every Temple”, and also the “Lord of the Two Lands” the pharaoh is the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt owning all the land, made laws and collected taxes and defended Egypt Against foreigners. As the “High Priest of Every Temple” the pharaoh represented the gods on Earth. He preformed rituals and built temples to honour the gods.

The essential role of the Pharaoh was to maintain Maat, or universal order or balance. It was believed by the...
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