Like all the pharaohs in new kingdom Egypt, Tutankhamun was worshipped as a living god. He had immense power and wealth plus great responsibilities, including praying to the gods, setting out the laws and taxes or controlling the army in Egypt. Also, Tutankhamun reinstated the older religion in Egypt. Above all, the pharaoh had to maintain harmony and order and hold the regions of upper and Lower Egypt together.
Any pharaoh in new kingdom Egypt had to do many rituals since he was basically Egypt's religious leader. The pharaoh of Egypt made offerings to gain the gods favour for Egypt in their temples, so there would be good luck for everyone. The pharaoh would also use his divine powers in ceremonies to bring the annual Nile floods and water the land for crops so that the land would be fertile so food will be abundant for everyone. Furthermore, he had a duty to build monuments which would please the gods so the gods wouldn't get angry and place bad luck on the Egyptian kingdom. There was a model boat found in the tomb, where real boats were used to carry gods on their journeys. Also it was good use for the pharaoh to do his checking around the Nile, and also great use to transport his body when he dies and the model boat would serve the same purpose in the afterlife.
The pharaoh would make all the laws, set the level of taxes, and decided on Egypt's foreign policy. In theory, he personally supervised all the affairs of state. In this case, since Tutankhamun was only nine when he was instated as a pharaoh, he had advisors to help him deal with businesses like these, where mostly his chief minister Ay did all the work. There are also wall paintings on Tutankhamun's wall, where there is a picture of two officials accompanying the chief minister called viziers to rule upper and Lower Egypt. They supervised all the taxes, laws and construction since obviously Tutankhamun was too young to do all of these duties by him.
Pharaohs were also trained as warriors...
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