Anatomy: Structure

Topics: DNA, Protein, Cell Pages: 17 (4631 words) Published: January 4, 2013
Human Physiology
Packet #1

Slate Masunaga
Period 6

Table Of Contents:
Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Did you get it Questions Chapters 1-3 (in order)
Review Questions Chapters 1-3

Chapter 1

Anatomy: structure
Physiology: function
Transverse/horizontal:plane that divides body into superior/upper & an inferior/lower sections Sagittallengthwise plane dividing the body into right & left sections Midsagittal/median:lengthwise plane passing along the midline dividing body into equal parts Obliquea diagonal section

Frontal/coronalforehead, a plane dividing body into anterior/front and posterior/back regions, Superior/cranialabove or near the head
Inferior:below or toward the feet
Anterior/ventral:toward front
Posterior/dorsal:toward back
Medial:imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right & left halves; (body part medial if closer to this line than another part) Lateral/side:away from the midline, toward the side
Intermediate:between a more lateral and more medial point
Proximal:body part closer to part to point of attachment to trunk than another body part Distal:body part farther from point of attachment to trunk than to another body part Superficial:situated near the surface, i.e. skin is superficial to muscle Deep:further away from the surface, internal

Abdominal:region between thorax & pelvis
Acromial:point of the shoulder
Antecubital:space in front of elbow
Axillary: armpit
Brachial:upper arm
Buckle:cheek area
Cervical: neck
Rural:anterior lower leg; shin
Femoral: thigh
Fibular: lateral part of thigh
Inguinal:depressed area of abdominal wall near thigh, groin; area where thigh meets body. Nasal:nose
Orbital:eye cavity
Patellar:front of knee
Pelvic:area inferior to the naval
Sternal:breastbone area
Tarsal:instep of foot
Cephalic:posterior head
Deltoid: posterior shoulder muscle
Lumbar:lower back
Occipital:lower posterior region of the head; Base of skull Popliteal:area behind knee
Sacral:posterior region between hips; tailbone
Scapular:shoulder blade region
Vertebral:spinal column
Integumentarysystem: including hair, nails, skin and sweat glands. Provides protection from infections, dehydration, temperature change, regulates body temperature, maintains homeostasis, excretes waste, acts as receptor for pain, touch, pressure Skeletalsystem: including bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles & cartilage; provides framework, makes blood cells Muscular:system including muscles and tendons; they provide strength, balance, posture, movement and heat for body warmth Nervous:system including the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs; control and response; Cardiovascular:system including the heart and blood vessels; transport Lymphatic:system including lymph nodes and vessels, seen, etc.; immune response Respiratory:system including lungs, bronchi, and trachea; gas exchange Digestive:system including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum, anus, liver, and gall bladder; nutrients Urinary:system including the kidneys, ureters, bladder; remove nitrogen waste, water balance Reproductive system:produces offspring, organ system which functions in creating offspring (penis and testes in males, ovaries, uterus, and vagina in females) Necessary life: functionsmaintaining boundaries, movement, responsiveness, digestion, metabolism, excretion, reproduction, and growth, 1. Maintaining boundaries between internal and external environments 2. Movement (contractility)

3. Responsiveness: The ability to sense and respond to stimuli 5. Metabolism: All chemical reactions that occur in body cell 6. Excretion: The removal of wastes from metabolism and digestion 7. Reproduction

8. Growth: Increase in size of a body part or of organism...
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