Anatomy and Physiology Quiz

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Human Anatomy & Physiology, 7e (Marieb)
Chapter 3 Cells: The Living Units

MATCHING QUESTIONS

[pic]

Figure 3.1

Using Figure 3.1, match the following:
1)
Second messenger.
Answer:
E
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

2)
G protein.
Answer:
D
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

3)
Ligand.
Answer:
A
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

4)
Enzyme.
Answer:
C
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

5)
Cyclic AMP.
Answer:
E
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

6)
Receptor protein.
Answer:
B
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

7)
Neurotransmitters.
Answer:
A
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 84; Fig. 3.16

[pic]
Figure 3.2

Using Figure 3.2, match the following:
8)
Nonpolar region of phospholipid.
Answer:
C
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 67; Fig. 3.3

9)
Glycocalyx.
Answer:
A
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 67; Fig. 3.3

10)
Polar region of phospholipid.
Answer:
B
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 67; Fig. 3.3

11)
Peripheral protein.
Answer:
E
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 68; Fig. 3.3

12)
Integral protein.
Answer:
D
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 68; Fig. 3.3

13)
Identification "tags" for the cell.
Answer:
A
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 68-69; Fig. 3.3

14)
Hydrophilic portion.
Answer:
B
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 67; Fig. 3.3

Match the following:
15)
Forms part of the protein synthesis site in the cytoplasm.
A)
Transfer RNA

Answer:
B
B) Ribosomal RNA
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 105

C) Synthetase enzymes
16)
Act as "interpreter" molecules that recognize specific amino acids and nucleotide base sequences.

D) ATP

Answer:
A
E) Messenger RNA
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 105
17)
Attaches the correct amino acid to its transfer RNA.
Answer:
C
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 107
18)
Provides the energy needed for synthesis reactions.
Answer:
D
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 107
19)
Found in the cytoplasm, this structure specifies the exact sequence of amino acids of the protein to be made. Answer:
E
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 105
20)
May be attached to the ER or scattered in the cytoplasm.
Answer:
B
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 105

Match the following:
21)
Chromosomes decoil to form chromatin.
A)
Early prophase
Answer:
D
B)
Metaphase
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 101; Fig. 3.32

C)
Anaphase
22)
Chromosomal centromeres split and chromosomes migrate to opposite ends of the cell. D)
Telophase
Answer:
C
E)
Late prophase
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 101; Fig. 3.32
23)
Nuclear membrane and nucleolus disintegrate.
Answer:
E
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 101; Fig. 3.32
24)
Chromosomes align on the spindle equator.
Answer:
B
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 101; Fig. 3.32
25)
Centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell.
Answer:
A
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 101; Fig. 3.32

Match the following:
26)
Plays a role in the synthesis of steroid-based hormones and proteins. A)
Nucleoli

Answer:
C
B) Nucleus
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 86-87; Table 3.3

C) Endoplasmic reticulum
27)
The actual site of protein synthesis.

D) Ribosomes
Answer:
D

Diff: 1
Page Ref: 85-86; Table 3.3
E) Microtubules

28)
Hollow cytoskeletal elements that act as organizers for the cytoskeleton. Answer:
E
Diff: 2
Page Ref: 90; Table 3.3
29)
Dense spherical bodies in the nucleus that are the synthesis site for ribosomal RNA. Answer:
A
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 97; Table 3.3
30)
Houses DNA and RNA.
Answer:
B
Diff: 1
Page Ref: 95; Table 3.3

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS
1)
Each daughter cell...
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