Page 1. Introduction
Page 2. Labelled diagram of the Bones of the cranium.
Page 3. Labelled diagram of Bones of the face.
Page 4. Labelled diagram of the bones neck, chest & shoulder. Task 2
Page 5. Labelled diagram showing the position of the Muscles of the face. Page 6. Labelled diagram showing the Muscles that move the head Page 7 .Chart showing the action and location of the muscle of the face. Task 3
Page 8 (A). Describe briefly the function and composition of blood. Page 9 (A) Describe briefly the function and composition of blood. Page 10 (A) Describe briefly the function and composition of blood.
Page 11. (B) Describe briefly the function and composition of lymph. Page 12. (B) Describe briefly the function and composition of lymph.
Page 13. C). Explain how blood and lymph improve the skin and muscle condition during a facial massage treatment.
Page 14. Explain how the natural ageing process affect’s facial skin and muscle tone. Page 15. Explain how the natural ageing process affect’s facial skin and muscle tone. Page 16. Conclusion.
Page 17 Index.
Page 18. Bibliography.
The objective for doing this assignment is to learn the bones and muscle structure of the face and neck and the upper body and where the muscle are and the actions the muscles do. Also to research and to learn the function and composition of blood and to learn the function and composition of the lymph and to learn how the blood and lymph improve the skin and muscle condition during a facial massage and to learn how the natural ageing process affect’s the facial skin and muscle tone.
Draw a large clearly labelled diagram to illustrate the positions of the bones of the skull, neck and shoulder girdle. Bones of the cranium.
Bones of the face.
Bones of the neck, chest & shoulder
A) draw clearly and label a diagram showing the position of the following muscles.
Muscles of the face.
Muscles that move the head
(B). List the action of each muscle.
Wrinkles the forehead and raises eyebrows creating a surprised expression
Across the forehead Pectoralis Major.
Moves the arm away from the side of the body
Front of the chest Risorius
Pulls the corner of the mouth upwards and sideways as in grinning
Corner of the mouth above Buccinator muscle Orbicularis Oculi
Closes and opens the eye as in winking and blinking
Surrounding the orbit of the eye Sternocleido-mastoid
Individually rotates the head to one side together pulls the chin onto the chest
Either side of the neck Corrugator
Draws eyebrows together as in frowning
Inner corners of the eyebrows Deltoid
Brings the arm forward. Takes the arm backwards and sideways
Caps the top of the shoulder is a three headed muscle Buccinator
Compresses the cheeks as in blowing
Forms the main muscle of the cheek Zygomaticus
Pulls the corners of mouth upwards and sideways
Runs down cheek to corner of mouth Temporalis
Raises and lowers jaw when chewing
Round and behind ear running down side of face towards jaw Mentalis
Raises the lower lip causing chin to wrinkle
Situated on the chin Orbicularis Oris
Closes and opens the mouth
A sphincter muscle surrounding the mouth Trapezius
Raises the shoulder to the ear. Pulls the head backwards.
Across upper back, neck and shoulders Platysma
Depresses lower jaw and lip wrinkling skin tissue on neck
Front and side of the neck, down to collar bones Masseter
Lifts, lowers and closes the jaw aiding mastication by exerting pressure on teeth.
Runs at an angle down the face from the cheek bone to the jaw Quadratus labii superioris
Raises and draws back the upper lips and nostrils
Surrounds the upper lips. Depressor Labii
Depresses the lower lip and draws it down slightly on one side
Surround the lower lip Triangularis
Draws down the mouths corners
Corners of the lower lip extends over the...
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