Anatomy and Physiology of the Face for City and Guild Level 2 Beauty Therapy

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 705
  • Published : November 24, 2010
Open Document
Text Preview
Contents
Page 1. Introduction
Task 1
Page 2. Labelled diagram of the Bones of the cranium.
Page 3. Labelled diagram of Bones of the face.
Page 4. Labelled diagram of the bones neck, chest & shoulder. Task 2
Page 5. Labelled diagram showing the position of the Muscles of the face. Page 6. Labelled diagram showing the Muscles that move the head Page 7 .Chart showing the action and location of the muscle of the face. Task 3

Page 8 (A). Describe briefly the function and composition of blood. Page 9 (A) Describe briefly the function and composition of blood. Page 10 (A) Describe briefly the function and composition of blood.

Page 11. (B) Describe briefly the function and composition of lymph. Page 12. (B) Describe briefly the function and composition of lymph.

Page 13. C). Explain how blood and lymph improve the skin and muscle condition during a facial massage treatment.

Task 4.
Page 14. Explain how the natural ageing process affect’s facial skin and muscle tone. Page 15. Explain how the natural ageing process affect’s facial skin and muscle tone. Page 16. Conclusion.
Page 17 Index.
Page 18. Bibliography.

Introduction

The objective for doing this assignment is to learn the bones and muscle structure of the face and neck and the upper body and where the muscle are and the actions the muscles do. Also to research and to learn the function and composition of blood and to learn the function and composition of the lymph and to learn how the blood and lymph improve the skin and muscle condition during a facial massage and to learn how the natural ageing process affect’s the facial skin and muscle tone.

Task 1
Draw a large clearly labelled diagram to illustrate the positions of the bones of the skull, neck and shoulder girdle. Bones of the cranium.

Bones of the face.

Bones of the neck, chest & shoulder

back

Task 2
A) draw clearly and label a diagram showing the position of the following muscles.

Muscles of the face.

Muscles that move the head

Task 2

(B). List the action of each muscle.

Muscle ActionLocation
FrontalisWrinkles the forehead and raises eyebrows creating a surprised expressionAcross the forehead Pectoralis Major.Moves the arm away from the side of the bodyFront of the chest RisoriusPulls the corner of the mouth upwards and sideways as in grinningCorner of the mouth above Buccinator muscle Orbicularis OculiCloses and opens the eye as in winking and blinkingSurrounding the orbit of the eye Sternocleido-mastoidIndividually rotates the head to one side together pulls the chin onto the chestEither side of the neck Corrugator

Draws eyebrows together as in frowningInner corners of the eyebrows Deltoid
Brings the arm forward. Takes the arm backwards and sideways Caps the top of the shoulder is a three headed muscle Buccinator
Compresses the cheeks as in blowingForms the main muscle of the cheek ZygomaticusPulls the corners of mouth upwards and sidewaysRuns down cheek to corner of mouth Temporalis
Raises and lowers jaw when chewingRound and behind ear running down side of face towards jaw Mentalis
Raises the lower lip causing chin to wrinkleSituated on the chin Orbicularis OrisCloses and opens the mouthA sphincter muscle surrounding the mouth TrapeziusRaises the shoulder to the ear. Pulls the head backwards.Across upper back, neck and shoulders PlatysmaDepresses lower jaw and lip wrinkling skin tissue on neckFront and side of the neck, down to collar bones MasseterLifts, lowers and closes the jaw aiding mastication by exerting pressure on teeth.Runs at an angle down the face from the cheek bone to the jaw Quadratus labii superiorisRaises and draws back the upper lips and nostrilsSurrounds the upper lips. Depressor LabiiDepresses the lower lip and draws it down slightly on one sideSurround the lower lip TriangularisDraws down the mouths cornersCorners of the lower lip extends over the...
tracking img