Anatomy and Physiology of Body Systems

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Intermediate Apprenticeship in Health (Emergency Care Assistance)

Edexcel L2 Diploma in Emergency Care Assistance (QCF)

Unit 11 Anatomy and Physiology of Body Systems
A/602/5038

Candidate Name: _Ashley Orwin____________________
Candidate Employer: ___________________

Unit Overview:
This unit will give learners a basic understanding of how the body is organised – from cells up to systems. Learners will also gain an understanding of the components and functions of the main systems of the body, leading to further understanding of how illness or injury affects the normal functions of an organ or system.

How you will be assessed for unit 12:

This unit consists of one knowledge outcome which will be assessed via a workbook.

Outcomes| Assessment| Criteria|
1. Know how body Systems are organised| Knowledge Workbook| 1.1 Label the structure of a typical cell1.2 Outline the definition of tissue1.3 Outline the definition of an organ1.4 Outline the definition of a body system1.5 Define directional terms used in medicine1.6 Label major organs within the body cavities| 2. Know the Functions of the Respiratory System| Knowledge Workbook| 2.1 Describe the function of the respiratory system2.2 Label the components of the respiratory tract2.3 Describe the structure of the lungs2.4 Outline the process of respiration2.5 Describe the initial management of asthma| 3. Know the function of the Cardiovascular System| Knowledge Workbook| 3.1 Outline the role of thecardiovascular system3.2 Label the structure of the heart3.3 State the electrical conductionsystem of the heart3.4 Describe the purpose of differenttypes of blood vessels3.5Describe the properties of blood| 4. Know how the nervous system supports body functions| Knowledge Workbook| 4.1 Outline the role of the nervoussystem4.2 Identify the components of thenervous system| 5. Know how the skeletal system functions | Knowledge Workbook | 5.1 Outline the role of the skeletalsystem5.2 Label the bones of the skeleton5.3 Describe the different types of skeletal joints5.4 Outline the relationship between the muscular system and theskeleton|

In order to pass this unit you must complete this workbook to a satisfactory standard. Should you have any difficulties with this workbook your clinical tutors will be happy to support you

1. Know how the body systems are organised.

1.1: Label the structure of a typical cell

Using the following diagram label the key component of the cell.

Nucleolus
Nucleolus

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Nucleus
Nucleus

Centriole
Centriole

Cytoplasm
Cytoplasm

Cell membrane
Cell membrane

Mitochondria
Mitochondria

Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Rough endoplasmic reticulum

Golgi complex
Golgi complex

2.2 Outline the definition of a tissue
You need to describe the following types of tissue in your answer, epithelial, connective, nervous and muscle specifying how muscle is sub divided into both voluntary and involuntary giving appropriate examples.

A collection of similar cells and the intercellular substances surrounding them. There are four basic kinds of tissue in the body: epithelium, connective tissues including adipose tissue, blood, bone, and cartilage, muscle tissue; and nerve tissue.

Epithelial: Covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells closely packed and ranged in one or more layers. This tissue is specialised to form the covering or lining of all internal or external body surfaces.

Connective: Connective tissue serves a connecting function; it supports and binds other tissue.

Nervous: nervous tissue is responsible for sensing stimuli and transmitting signals to and from different parts of an organism. Neurons are the basic unit of nervous tissue.

Muscle tissue: has ability to relax and contrast and so brings about movement and mechanical work in various...
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