Anatomy and Phisolgy

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BIO 180 Exam 1 Study Guide
Name: __________________________ Date: _____________

1. This is the study of the functions of body structures.

2. This is defined as a group of cells with similar structure and function.

3. Using your fingers to find your pulse on your wrist is an example of

4. This is the sum of all cellular processes that occur in the body.

5. This is the regulation of body conditions within normal limits.

6. This is the structure of a feedback system that receives output from the control center.

7. This is the structure of a feedback system that provides input to the control center.

8. A condition NOT regulated by a negative feedback loop would be:

9. This is a change in body function that can be measured objectively.

10. In which cavity is the brain located?

11. In which cavity are the lungs located?

12. In which cavity is the stomach located?

13. This cavity is inferior to the abdominal cavity.

Page 1

14. The function of the secretions of the serous membrane is to:

15. This plane divides the body into right and left halves.

16. This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior halves.

17. A transverse plane will cut a body or organ into

18. This directional term means farthest from the midline.

Page 2

19. This directional term means farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk or farther from the origination of a structure.

20. This directional term is the opposite of deep.

21. Choose the directional term that would make the sentence correct. The heart is _____ to the liver.

22. Choose the directional term that would make the sentence correct: The sternum is ____ to the heart.

23. What organs are found in the abdominal cavity?

Page 3

24. This covers the viscera within the thoracic and abdominal cavities and lines the walls of the thorax and abdomen.

Use the following to answer questions 25-27:

25. The liver is ______ to the sternum.

Page 4

26. The stomach is ____ to the bladder.

27. The humerus is _____ to the scapula.

Page 5

Use the following to answer questions 28-31:

28. Which plane is parasagittal?

29. Which plane is frontal?

Page 6

30. Which plane is transverse?

31. Which plane is oblique?

32. What are the three main parts of a eukaryotic cell?

33. Plasma membranes consist of what three components?

34. Which of the following does NOT influence the rate of diffusion?

Page 7

35. This is the transport process by which gases move through a membrane.

36. In this type of transport process a solute, like Glucose, binds to a specific transporter protein on one side of the membrane and is released on the other side after the transporter protein undergoes a change in shape.

37. If the solute concentration is greater in the solution on the inside of the cell, compared to the solute concentration of the solution that is outside the cell, then what direction will water move?

38. This is a transport process by which cells secrete materials, within vesicles, into the extracellular fluid.

39. This is a transport process by which cells take up extracellular substances within vesicles..

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40. This is an extension of the plasma membrane that will surround a particle outside the cell forming a vesicle.

41. One type of human cell (spermatozoa) is capable of movement because it has this type of microtubule.

42. This organelle contains ribosomes, which synthesis proteins

43. This is an organelle that modifies proteins produced elsewhere.

44. Which organelle recycles worn out organelles?

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45. Mitochondria

46. Which of the following protects the contents of the nucleus?

47. This is a long molecule of DNA that contains genes-there are 46 in each body cell.

48. During which phase do organelles duplicate and centrosome replication begin?

49. What are the main tissue types found in the human body?

Page 10

50. This is...
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