Anatomical Terms

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  • Topic: Anatomy, Anatomical terms of location, Transverse plane
  • Pages : 2 (672 words )
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  • Published : November 10, 2008
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The Map of the Human Body

The human body was created with many different parts that do all different things. God created our bodies with great detail such as our eyes, ears, even all the strands of hairs we have on our head. A map is often made to represent a specific region so that more details can be included about that particular region, making it easier to explore. Scientist have created standardized body directional terms and split the body into distinct regions and sections so that we can more clearly and rapidly locate and discuss anatomical features.

There are many terms used to differentiate the positions of the body. A scientist developed the terms used to describe anatomical position. The anatomical position is a human standing straight, facing forward with their feet parallel, and arms hanging down at the side, and palms facing forward. There are three other positions that the body can be in. These positions are known as prone, supine, and Fowler’s position. The supine position is when the body is lying faced upward on its back. The prone position is when the body is laying face downward on its stomach. The Fowler’s position is when the body is in the bed with the head of the bed elevated 45 to 60 degrees. This position is closest to a sitting position. It is a position that is often used in hospitals when patients are being treated.

Next we have the body planes and directional terms. A plane is an imaginary line drawn through the body or organ to separate into specific sections. There are three different types of planes, the transverse plane also known as the horizontal plane, the median plane and the coronal plane. The transverse plane divides the body into two sections top (superior) and bottom (inferior). This is also known as cross sectioning. The median plane or the mid-sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves. The term medial refers to body parts located near the middle...
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