Analyzing Psychological Disorders 7

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Analyzing Psychological Disorders

Lisa Miller

Axia College, University of Phoenix

Psychological disorders impact many areas of an individual’s life as well as create

stress for the individual and their loved ones. Psychological disorders are not biased and

can affect any race, gender, age and social class. While some individuals may be

predisposed to psychological disorders, there really is not a genetic component. The

social stigma attached to psychological disorders prevents many people from seeking to

be diagnosed and receiving treatment. Establishing a diagnosis is essential to an

individual’s treatment. Understanding a psychological disorder is about discovering

solutions, treatments and information related to the problem. Not being able to determine

or differentiate between real and unreal experiences can make treating a psychological

disorder even more difficult. Welcome to the world of schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia is defined as the difficulty or inability to tell the difference between real

and unreal experiences, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses, and to

behave normally in social situations (Google Health, 2009). Individuals who suffer from

schizophrenia tend to have brain tissue loss throughout the brain, not just one location.

Family stress, environmental stress, social stress and pregnancy stress in combination

with genetic predisposition can cause a perfectly normal person to suffer from

schizophrenia. The psychological disorder usually develops slowly over a period of

months and years. The first symptoms may go unnoticed. The first symptoms of feeling

tense and inability to concentrate may be initially related to stress. Over a period of time,

psychotic symptoms begin to develop. These symptoms include a flat affect, catatonic

behavior, delusions, hallucinations and disordered thinking. One who suffers from

schizophrenia can suffer any one of the five types of the psychological disorder or a

combination of all five. For classification purposes, the five types of schizophrenia are;

catatonic type, paranoid type, disorganized type, undifferentiated type and residual type.

Depending upon symptoms, a person may display one or more symptoms associated with


Environmental triggers in combination with genetics can play a role in who develops

schizophrenia. Psychological and social factors may also affect the development of

schizophrenia. Antipsychotic and neuroleptic medications have been found effective in

treatment and management of schizophrenia. These medications are used to change to

balance of chemicals in an individuals brain and to help control the symptoms of the

disorder. Therapy and counseling that teaches behavioral techniques, such as social skills

training, has also been found to be effective in managing the disorder. Many people with

schizophrenia not only suffer mental limitations, individuals can also suffer functional

limitations. These functional limitations can make it hard for individuals to live and work

on their own. It is important that individuals that suffer from schizophrenia have a strong

family and community support system in place.

Due to community recognition and support, psychological disorders are becoming

more recognized. There are thought to be more than 250 psychological disorders. Most of

these 250 fall under categories of similar disorders. Insomnia and anxiety disorders are

two of the more prominent psychological disorders. When a person has trouble sleeping,

this can be classified as insomnia. Insomnia is a psychological disorder in itself; however,

is often times accompanied by other psychological disorders such as depression and

anxiety. Life’s problems can take a toll on an individual and therefore, the individual is

not able to sleep. Insomnia can also be related to environmental...
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