Power Distance Index. I believe that power distance index in Russian culture is quite high, as there is a huge gap between upper and lower classes, and not really such a thing as middle class. Spain on the other hand has quite a common power distance index for Europe – 52. Its about 40 to 50 in Europe, which means that people do understand that there are different classes of people, but they don’t accent on it.
Individualism. Although people in Russia tend to become more individualistic nowadays, they still are collectivistic as well. Meaning that people would try to be as individualistic as they can, but if they need help in one way or another they would try to do as much as they could for the group. I would say that Russia is right in the middle between collectivism and individualism. Spain has an individualism score of about 46, which is very similar to Russian, but I believe Spain has completely different reasons for such score. I believe that people in Spain are mostly lazy and that is the reason for them to be collectivistic, but still while getting older they become more individualistic.
Masculinity. Russian culture is becoming more masculine, but since there are still people who used to live in the Soviet Union where people had no chance for their own opinion or vote, where the government was trying to make everybody equal; the score is quite low. People who were born lately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, on the other hand are becoming more masculine, that is why Hofstede has recently updated the masculinity score for Russia from 40 to 59. Spain has a score of approximately 38, which is not surprising. For some reason women act more like men and vice versa. I’m not exactly sure why its like that, but Hofstede’s studies prove it, and also based on my own experience of living in Spain, I would say so.... [continues]
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