Analyzing Biopsychological Disorders
Biopsychology is a biological approach to psychology. Historically, researchers believed that neuropsychological disorders were of the brain, and psychological disorders were of the mind. Now, psychologists understand that these distinctions do not exist. Biological approaches to psychological disorders direct psychologists to consider the active cause and effective treatments of major psychological disorders. These major psychological disorders include schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, and Tourette syndrome (Pinel, 2009.) Schizophrenia is an arduous psychiatric disease. This disease is difficult to treat, and endure. The symptoms of schizophrenia include problems paying attention, disordered cognitive processes, general lack of emotional response, catatonic behavior, delusions, and hallucinations (Eisenburg & Berman, 2010.) Symptoms may vary depending on the different types of schizophrenia. Paranoid schizophrenics usually experience anxiety, and anger. A subject that is affected by paranoid schizophrenia often believes that someone or something is trying to harm them or their loved ones. Disorganized schizophrenia usually affects thought processes, and people who are affected often behave in a child-like manner. A subject with catatonic schizophrenia may not move, interact with others, or he or she may experience a constant state of unrest. Undifferentiated types may exhibit several symptoms from each type (Pub Med Health, 2010.) Schizophrenia is implicated in several areas of the brain. These areas include the forebrain, hindbrain, and the limbic system. Schizophrenia is theorized to be caused by a disruption of the functional circuits of the brain. Although, researchers are unsure about the particular areas of brain involved the hippocampus, frontal lobe, temporal lobe, thalamus, cingulate gyrus, and amygdala may be included in...