.Analyze the Reason for the Type of Organizational Structure Employed by the Organization, and Identify the Key Positions That Support That Organizational Structure..

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Global Business and Ethics


J. Renee’ Maples

Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility

November 16, 2009

Jamie Dorman, Professor

Global Business and Ethics

In the bona fide world, much deliberation must be addressed before business decisions are made. When making business decisions, one must carefully consider cost and effectiveness. “Some businesses can argue that to make business a decision based on the simplicity sense of ethics, without lecturing economics, politics, or related issues, is to forgo necessary pragmatism, and ultimately is self-defeating. However, it does not have to be a one or the other. Maybe ethics should be given a more imposing seat at the table, where the human costs of out-sourcing are given much consideration (Breslin, 2009).”

“Globalization is the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. “Globalization refers to the integration of economics and societies all over the world. Globalization involves technological, economic, political, and cultural exchanges made possible largely by advances in communication, transportation, and infrastructure (Hubpages, 2009).”

As stated by Vinoth Ramachandra, the author of Sojourners Magazine defines “globalization like every other historical process in a fallen world, shares in both the goodness of human creation and the distortion of creation by sin and evil. Its benefits and threats are equally real and are intertwined in a complex variety of ways. For every benevolent aspect of globalization, there is a malevolent side that threatens to overwhelm the good. It is thus a Janus-faced entity, a paradoxical phenomenon that reflects the paradoxical nature of the human condition (Ramachadra, 2004).” Czinkota, Michael R., Ilkka A. Ronkainen and Michael H. Moffett educators of Global business, believes that the “Global business consists of transactions that are devised and carried out across national borders to satisfy the objectives of individuals, companies, and organizations. These transactions take on various forms, which are often interrelated. Primary types of international business are import-export trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). The latter is carried out in varied forms, including wholly owned subsidiaries and joint ventures. Additional types of international business are licensing, franchising, and management contracts.”

“The most important way to address globalization conflicts and to prevent further deaths is to continue to develop, refine, improve and promote international dispute management systems. Dispute resolution is a part of every society's culture, and in each society some methods are favored over others. Each culture in the world may be unique, but underlying each culture is its own specific -- though usually tacit -- agreement or system that determines how to resolve disputes (Czinkota, Michael R., Ilkka A. Ronkainen and Michael H. Moffett, 2004).”

According to the text, “the basic principles of business still apply, but their application, complexity, and intensity vary substantially. To operate outside national borders, firms must be ready to incorporate international considerations into their thinking and planning, making decisions related to questions such as these”: “● How will our idea, good, or service fit into the international market? ● Should we enter the market through trade or through investment? ● Should I obtain my supplies domestically or from abroad? ● What product adjustments are necessary to be responsive to local conditions? ● What threats from global competition should be expected and how can these threats be Counteracted (Czinkota, Michael R., Ilkka A. Ronkainen and Michael H. Moffett, 2004).”

With this said; therefore, there are a lot of ethical issues that could be addressed like why aren’t Big Oil Companies doing more to protect the...
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