The Classical empires of Rome and Han had similar and different means of imperial administration. Both empires focused on centralized administration and military expansion. They also concentrated on maintaining a full bureaucracy to help the empire prosper.
The beginning for the direction of government and administration started with Julius Caesar wanting a centralized, imperial form of government. His plans did not span out with upset elite classes that led to his assassination. The elite men wanted to create a government that was not in their power, which led to conflict and chaos. Augustus, otherwise known as Octavian, ended the struggle and was the leader to start the imperial rule that was right for Rome. The government was disguised as a republic. Just as Caesar, Augustus ruled by centralizing political and military power. He preserved traditional republican offices and forms of government. Members of the Roman elite were also members of the government. Augustus accumulated vast power and took full responsibility for the important governmental functions. As a form of a bureaucracy, he was very careful to place individuals loyal to him in important positions, such as diplomats and governors.
Augustus also utilized military power to dominate lands in order to further bring Rome more power and have control. All of the dominated lands were integrated into a larger economy and society. Roman expansion had dramatic effects in the European lands that were embraced by the empire. When the Roman soldiers, diplomats, governors, and merchants began to arrive, they stimulated the development of local economies and states. Resources were accessed such as tin, and they encouraged people to cultivate wheat, olives, and grapes to help the Roman economy flourish. The Roman representatives allied with various local ruling elites and used the wealth that came into their communities to control natural resources and build much larger states then ever before. Cities emerged...
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