However, from this shift of attention , numerous studies and discoveries of man had emerged. Numerous discoveries in the fields of physics and mathematics had profoundly begun. In line with the sprouting of new discoveries in sciences, thinkers had also emerged during this period. Generally, the concern of these philosophers was on Knowledge. In particular, the issue was on the inquiry of where knowledge begins. Rationalists would claim that it is through Reason that Knowledge becomes possible. Nevertheless, the Empiricists argue that it is through Experience that brings the possibility of Knowledge. Both the Rationalists and the Empiricists had been into a long argumentation of their claims. The extensive argumentation between the two parties (the Empiricists and the Rationalists) must come into a solution, according to Immanuel Kant.
From his analysis of Rationalism and Empiricism, Kant wrote “Even though our cognition starts with experience, that does not mean that all of it arises from experience.” He added further that “All conceptions, therefore, and with them all principles, however high the degree of their possibility, must relate to empirical intuitions, that is, to data of a possible experience. (A158, B197)” From the influences of Rationalism aand Empiricism, Kant had come up with the ideas of an a priori and a posteriori in his study. In summary of Kant’s Theory of Knowledge, his magic word comes up telling us that “Thoughts without contents are empty, intuitions without concept are blind. (A51, B75)”
Kant’s Magnum Opus the Critique of Pure Reason, readers can observe that Kant have been so much influenced by the Rationalists and Empiricists. Yet, in the same work, the shift of his perspective and drawing out of new insights are observable.
the attention has been centered on “man” . In contrast, the Medieval Age’s concern was on faith. In this way, there had been a “shift” of concern, from faith to reason. Eventually, this German...
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