Analytical Essay Final Draft

Topics: Legal drinking age, Drinking culture, Amethyst Initiative Pages: 5 (1766 words) Published: April 8, 2013
Let’s Agree the Drinking Age of 21

Drinking age is not a strange phrase in our lives. Every time when we go to club or buy some liquor, we have to show our photo ID to prove that we have already 21 and we are legal to drink wine. I think this is a really good method to control drinking problem. Before I read these two articles which are “The 21-Year-Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it, It Doesn’t Work” by Dr. Morris E. Chafetz and “The Drinking Age of 21 Saves Lives” by Toben F. Nelson and Traci L. Toomey, I only felt that when people grow up they will have self-control to hold their desire for drinking and could decide whether it is appropriate to drink at that moment. I didn’t collect any data or information to support my opinion, only some horrible news such as “teenagers died due to drunk driving” and “youn girl was raped because both sides were drunk” remind me that limiting drinking age is really important and we should support the idea of raising drinking age of 21.

Dr. Morris E. Chafetz gave us a clear message that he “reluctantly voted yes” to raise the minimum legal drinking age of 21 nationwide (Dr. Chafetz. The 21-Year- Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it; It Doesn’t Work par 2). Dr. Chafetz did not believe that science’s result could be helpful to prove that law decision could do anything for reducing death rate. He showed us that when people get drunk, fight in public places or destroy property, age has nothing to do with these bad impacts, it is all about social influence. In Dr. Chafetz’s opinion, the age 18 and 21 have no differences and “experts” (Dr. Chafetz. The 21-Year- Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it; It Doesn’t Work par 10) are not that convincing. Experts would make parents feel lost and schools, communities and the whole society should take responsible for drinkers’ problems.

Toben and Traci had a totally different opinion; they thought setting the drinking age of 21 is really helpful. At the beginning of this article, the authors mentioned the organization “Amethyst Initiative” (Toben F. Nelson and Traci L. Toomey. The Drinking Age of 21 Saves Lives par 1). This organization consisted of 135 presidents, and they doubted the influence of enhancing legal drinking age. Toben and Traci listed history data and information to show that new decision was really working and they also showed that drinking problems always happened on students who were under 21. As Amethyst Initiative mentioned that Europe did not need age limitation and European could control them from getting too drunk, the authors also used research result to show that Europe had more problems than the United States. Experts got evidences that rising age limitation is effective and school’s adjustments have some issues to perform correctly, so in these two author’s opinion, age-21 law deserves people’s acceptance.

With these two summaries which stated the authors’ main points, people could get first impression of these two essays. We can see that Dr. Chafetz complained about the rising age all through the article and denied experts’ scientific data without explicit explanations. To the contrary, Toben and Taci used Amethyst Initiative as a rival and responded their query step by step. They also showed detailed evidences to support every viewpoint they wanted people to believe and their endeavor deserved our agreement.

To be honest, at the beginning of “The 21-Year-Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it, It Doesn’t Work”, I found that the author was engaged in a very important job and he got the right to decide whether the new clause was right or wrong, so I really admired the author and tried to learn something from this article. But after I finished the whole article, I was confused. I did not understand that why Dr. Chafetz denied the effect of raising the minimum legal drinking so much and the style of writing is not seemed like from an authority, but more like a junior students who just started...
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