Analysis: The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

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Bulls, being the proud strong beasts that they are, can represent many things such as strength, health and even recklessness. In the novel The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway, bull fighting functions as a metaphor for human relations in many different ways. The story is told from the perspective of Jake Barnes, a somewhat disillusioned American with an unfortunate war injury that has rendered him impotent. Jake is in love with Brett who is a rich, rather promiscuous woman. The interesting thing about Jake and Brett's relationship is that it is completely frustrating to both of them, and they seem unable to break themselves from one another. The bull lives ambiguously both as strength and weakness to the Spaniards. The matador, in turn, represents the leader who leads the bull to his demise. The cape is the forbidden fruit that is used to entice the bull. Everything has a beginning and so is an end to the characters relationship with one another. The protagonist is the narrator, Jake Barnes, an expatriate journalist living in Paris. He was injured in the WWI and unable to consummate with the passion of the flesh. He portrays himself to like all things macho, such as fishing, bullfighting, drinking and women. Jake observes everyone and everything around him, sometimes reacting, sometimes giving out advice and sometimes intervening into their lives. Jake is seen as the outcast. Bull fighting is a huge part of Jake’s life. "In bull-fighting they speak of the terrain of the bull and the terrain of the bull-fighter. As long as a bull-fighter stays in his own terrain he is comparatively safe. Each time he enters into the terrain of the bull he is in great danger. Belmonte, in his best days, worked always in the terrain of the bull. This way he gave the sensation of coming tragedy. Because he did not look up to ask if it pleased he did it all for himself inside, and it strengthened him, and yet he did it for her, too. But he did not do it for her at any loss to...
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