This research is entitled “Analysis the short story “In Another Country” by Ernest Hemingway Based on Dramatic situation”. The aim of this research is know the dramatic situation in this short story can make the readers know more knowledge about this short story, not only to enjoy re and admire it. The applied method in this research is analytic descriptive; it is conducted by describing and then analyzing the Laurence Perrine’s book (in poetry class), Structure sound and sense and according to materials of Introduction to Literature class. The Research Findings, writing in a dramatic situation in this short story there are some things to consider, i.e. (1) know who Ernest Hemingway, as a short story writer come from America, (2) where setting in that time he wrote in this short story, short story in this setting was in a hospital, in Milan Italy, and was happening in World War I, and the last (3) where was this short story included during the period of the literatures, it was this short story writing in modernism Age.
Encarta World English Dictionary defines literature as written works, such as fiction, poetry, short stories and criticism that are recognized as having important or permanent artistic value (Encarta, 2007). According to Wikipedia defines short stories tend to be less complex than novels. Usually a short story focuses on one incident; has a single plot, a single setting, and a small number of characters; and covers a short period of time. In longer forms of fiction, stories tend to contain certain core elements of dramatic situation: exposition (the introduction of setting, situation and main characters); complication (the event that introduces the conflict or not).
A lot of writers created the popular literature since the past time until now their literary works still “alive”, one of them are Ernest Miller Hemingway. He was a novelist, short story writer and a researchist in America. Ernest Miller Hemingway, who is better known, Ernest Hemingway, born on July 21, 1899 and died July 2, 1961 at the age of 61 years. He has a distinctive writing style, that is what it is, and has a critical influence on the development of 20th-century fictionThe one of Ernest Hemingway’s master pieces that is a short story titled “In another Country”. This short story is a part of his book "The First Forty Nine Stories"°. "In Another Country" tells about figure of “I” as a wounded American soldier, who is recuperating from his injury during World War I in Milan, Italy. He received treatments delivered by machines each afternoon at the hospital. His doctor seems overly optimistic. "You are a fortunate young man," said doctor. The doctor promising the soldier that his injured knee and leg will recover well enough for him to played football again. As the time passed, “I” met with three young man and one old man in the hospital and “I” socializes with them. “I” got a medal because his bravery, but he didn’t admit his medal as his bravery. He had given a medal because he was an American, he thought.
In this research, will be an analysis dramatic situation of this short story. The result of this research is expected to be useful for the reader. Not only enjoy and admire of his literary works, the readers can also know who is Ernest Hemingway, how was lived in those days, and when the short story was made. Besides that, the readers can get a moral message to the author to convey through this short story.
Dramatic situation is a situation, in a narrative or dramatic work, in which people (or "people") are involved in conflicts that solicit the reader’s empathetic involvement in their predicament. In another way, dramatic situation is dramatizes the story, so that the reader participate in the story and the reader feel as if life were an age of tells in...