Analysis Paper

Topics: Nursing, Interpersonal relationship, Nursing theory Pages: 8 (1559 words) Published: December 6, 2014


Hildegard Peplau: Interpersonal Relations Theory

Hildegard Peplau: Interpersonal Relations Theory
Hildegard Peplau, recognized as the mother of psychiatric nursing, born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1909 to parents of German decent, developed the middle- range nursing theory of Interpersonal Relations. She was the first nurse to publish after Florence Nightingale. Peplau graduated from Pennyslvania School of Nursing in 1931, graduated from Bennington college in Vermont with a bachelors degree in interpersonal psychology in 1943, and obtained masters and doctoral degrees from Teachers college at Colombia University. Peplau later served in the Army Corps1943-1945, established and taught the first classes for graduate psychiatric nursing students, and established the first graduate nursing program in Europe after her retirement. On the 17th of March 1999 Hildegard Peplau died at the age of eighty-nine, ending a nursing career than expanded over fifty years. Peplau was an advocate for graduate education and research in nursing. Peplau developed Interpersonal relations theory in 1952 with an intent to reveal to the profession of nursing ideas she believed were important to improve nursing practice. The theory integrates nursing theory into practice and outlines professionalism in nursing. The purpose of theory was for nurses to actively engage with patients to promote trusting relationships and for individuals to understand the interpersonal relations theory which explains the purpose of nursing is to help others identify their felt difficulties (Nursing Theories, 2012). The significance of the Interpersonal relations theory is that nurses form partnerships through observation, formulation, description, interpretation, validation, and intervention. Throughout the analysis paper the seven roles, stranger, resource, teacher, counseling, surrogate, active leadership, and technical expert will be discussed. Peplau had a belief interpersonal communication can improve health. Peplau’s interpersonal theory includes inductive and deductive logical reasoning. Inductive reason starts with specific examples and evaluate to see if principles transpire on the other hand deductive reason begins with a principal then looks at specific examples to see if the ideas support the example. Induction, observation and classification with deduction, the application of known concepts and processes to data provides a creative approach to the formation of ides. Supporting the use of inductive reasoning, the nurse utilizes the steps of nursing process to promote patient’s movements. Nursing, person, health, and environment are concepts Peplau utilized within the theory. Peplau defines nursing as an educative instrument and a mature force that aims to promote forward movement of the personality and is a significant, therapeutic, interpersonal process; person is compared to he term man, an organism that resides in an unstable environment; health is a symbol that suggest forward movement of personality and human processes in the direction of creative, constructive, personal, and community living; environment include existing forces outside an organism, in context of culture and customs and beliefs are obtained. The concepts nurse, and person were major concepts associated with the interpersonal relation theory. The various roles of nurses include teaching and counseling patient’s during treatments. While building helping relationships the nurse is responsible for explaining the phases of the interpersonal relationship such as orientation and exploitation between the nurse and patient. The interpersonal theory idealizes person as an organism that attempts to reduce worry caused by individual needs while nursing is the process utilized to improve an individual’s health. Peplau also focused on the interpersonal relations concept, processes that result between two or more persons. Nursing Theories (2012)...
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