The Time Machine
By: H.G Wells
Because of the astonishing innovations and changes during the Victorian Era, H.G Wells’ The Time Machine unmasked the possible results of the different political, societal, environmental, and technological ideologies of the people. When Queen Victoria came to the English throne in 1837, Capitalism came into its existence. With that, the Middle class emerged to have positions of power and prominence among the lower class. As stated in the novel, “Man had been content to live in ease and delight upon the labours of his fellow-men”, H.G Wells’ The Time Machine serves as a warning that if Capitalism continues to exploit workers for the benefit of the rich, Mankind will befall. “Man had not remained one species, but had differentiated into two distinct animals: that my grateful children of the upper world were not the sole descendants of our generation, but this bleached, obscene, nocturnal thing was also heir to all ages.” (page42) Social Darwinism is evident in the novel. H.G Wells presented ideas in his novel that evolution does not lead to perfection of species, but to the increasing adaptability and complexity of species. Social Darwinism was used in the novel to justify numerous exploits which we classify as of dubious moral value today. Colonialism was seen as natural and inevitable, and given justification through Social Darwinian ethics - Morlocks saw Elois as being weak and more unfit to survive, and therefore felt justified in seizing land and resources. Social Darwinism applied to a social context too. It provided a justification for the more exploitative forms of capitalism in which workers were paid sometimes pennies a day for long hours of backbreaking labour. Also, due to the great advances made in Science during the Victorian Era, H.G Wells came to the realization that the explorations, discoveries, and inventions of man may create his own anxiety. This can be infer when the Time Traveller said “I had made myself...
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