1. Background of Analysis
A streetcar Named Desire is a stage play that written by Tennese Wiliams. It first published in 1947 and takes place in New Orleans, Louisiana. In this play, Williams presents women as powerless, weak, and passive characters who are tightly linked to their persecutors due to economic, social, and physical needs. During the time period of Tennessee Williams, author of the play A Streetcar Named Desire, lived in, men were typically portrayed as leaders of the household. Therefore, it can be seen that there is a genre struggle in the play. The image of women in this play seem to be lower than the man. In this paper, the writer deals with the image of women, Blance and Stella, in Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire. It presents an analysis of the both female characters in the play and their negative relationships with men. This paper shows the writer's sympathy with women and their problems as they live in a materialistic male-dominated society. It is interesting to analyze the image of women in A Streetcar Named Desire because this play portrays the weakness of a women’s lives and also presents that woman as a victim in the play. These can be seen in the play when Blanche as the key character, becomes a fallen woman in society’s eyes . Almost her life journey showed the negative side of women, from her declining when her family fortune and estate are gone that make her avoid the past, until the raping action that happened with her. In other side, Stella, portrayed that women, especially a wife, do not have the freedom to vote and must be surrender to husband. Based on the explanation above, the writer wants to analyze this play by applying feminism theory and entitled this paper “Analysis of the Women Image, Blanche And Stella, In Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire.”
2. Problem and It’s Scope
Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire is a harsh, yet powerful play that exposes the reality of the gender struggle. Williams illustrates society’s changing attitudes towards masculinity and femininity through his eloquent use of dramatic devices such as characterization, dialogue, setting, symbolism, and foreshadowing. Stanley, the protagonist, is a symbol for society’s view of the stereotypical man, while Blanche and Stella is a symbol for society’s view of the weak women. Therefore, in conducting this study, the writer focuses on the problem analysis in the women image just with Blanche DuBois and Stella Kowalski as the two women majors characters in the play. The problem of the analysis is showed in the question “what are the women images in A Streetcar Named Desire”. In order to focus the analysis, the writer has to limit the problem of analysis. The writer focuses on: 1. The view of feminist critism in the women image of A Streetcar Named Desire 2. The woman image in the Blanche DuBois character
3. The woman image in the Stella Kowalski character.
The analysis of the women image in A Streetcar Named Desire devided into: 3.1 The view of feminist critism in the women image of A Streetcar Named Desire
Feminism is a collection of movements and ideologies aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women. In addition, feminism seeks to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment. A feminist is "an advocate or supporter of the rights and equality of women". Feminist theory, which emerged from these feminist movements, aims to understand the nature of gender inequality by examining women's social roles and lived experience; it has developed theories in a variety of disciplines in order to respond to issues such as the social construction of sex and gender. Some of the earlier forms of feminism have been criticized for taking into account only white, middle-class,...