Analysis of the Importance of the Moral Voice in 'to Kill a Mockingbird'

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In the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee, we follow the narrator Scout Finch as she shifts from an innocent young girl into an open-minded character. Her growth is guided by her father Atticus Finch, a fifty year old local lawyer who Scout describes as ‘feeble’. Atticus plays the role of the moral voice, which is a substantial factor that contributes to Scout’s gradual development. Through Atticus, Lee endeavours to teach Scout and Jem Finch virtues that are invaluable and stresses the significance of being impartial. Thus it is clear that the most memorable idea of this novel is the importance of the moral voice and how it can impact on the innocent minds of the children. “To Kill a Mockingbird” was published in 1960 and it reflected on the Civil Rights Movement. Maycomb, the setting of “To Kill a Mockingbird”, is a microcosm of American Society as the Americans were amidst the Great Depression. Also, Martin Luther King referred to this time as being ‘sweltering’ with oppression. Since people at the time were trapped by other people’s opinions and developed a strong system of class hierarchy, very few actually thought about opening their minds so people could live in harmony. The Finch household, being one of the few households that neglects racial standing, did not accept prejudice. This value was held by Calpurnia, a black woman, and also Atticus. As the moral voice of the novel, Atticus demonstrated several meaningful ideas. One idea Atticus showed is that instead of perceiving people as essentially good or essentially evil, good and evil coexist, and that people actually embody both good and evil traits. Since Atticus understands this idea, he accepts people for who they are instead of criticizing their flaws. Jem Finch, Atticus’s son, demonstrates both good and bad qualities. Jem is a good brother to Scout, as when Scout watched Calpurnia give Jem a ‘hot biscuit and butter which he tore in half and shared with me’. Jem is also very protective as...
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