Analysis of the Desirability of Democracy

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In recent years it has become evident that democracy is the best political system which we have. Currently there are 3.1 billion people who live in democracies and 2.66 billion people who do not (Schlesinger, 1997: 1). Thus, more people currently live under democracy as opposed to any other political system. This is a clear indication of how desirable democracy has become in the world. While democracy is not perfect, the positive aspects have led to a call for democracy in various countries in the world. Democracy is undoubtedly the most desirable political system at the present time. The idea of a global democracy has become attainable. The growing interest in various forms of democracy has contributed to this. Cosmopolitan democracy, transnational democracy, deliberative democracy, and social democracy are all various forms of democracy that have caused a divide as to which form of democracy satisfies the needs of a particular community. However, there is a clear indication that more and more people are beginning to desire a transnational form of democracy – a democracy that goes beyond political boarders (Held et al, 2010: 1). The growing demand for transnational democracy shows how desirable democratic ideals are around the world. Evidently democracy has grown to be the most desirable political system by the majority of nations.

There are many reasons as to why people desire democracy. A political system can be analyzed a number of ways, from the standards of living to the freedoms individuals are granted. Democracy grants people these freedoms, while granting exceptional living standards. In a democracy the opinion of every individual is considered. However, not every decision can satisfy every individual. Democracy favours the majority because satisfying every individual is simply unattainable. The opinions of one group often do not coincide with another group causing the decision to favour one group more so than another. Democracy always keeps in mind the principal of the common good. The common good defined is what is good for the entire political community (Mintz et al., 2009: 18). Democracy is the political system that does the best job of maintaining this principal through the equal representation of each individual. The collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) showed the growing demand for democracy. Following WW2 the desire for democracy grew, as many people sought stability (Schlesinger, 1997: 4) Now many more people demand democracy as a result of seeing firsthand what totalitarian systems can do. Totalitarian systems take away individual rights of people, while democracy ensures these rights are maintained. In addition, democratically elected governments will be regarded as legitimate while a totalitarian government is often opposed. While not everyone will get what they want, the ability to be part of the decision making process at least allows anyone with an idea to have their idea heard. All citizens get to take part in common decisions that will affect each of us. The desirability of democracy lies within its strengths over other political systems.

While the strengths of democracy draw people towards democracy, its weaknesses can deter people away from it. As the twenty-first century begins the major villains of democracy have perished, fascism with a bang, communism with a whimper (Schlesinger, 1997: 1). This has led to the false pretension that democracy is invincible. However, in the 1900’s, people believed in the invincibility of democracy. People thought that democracy would ensure prosperity. However, they were wrong. Democracy is based on a capitalist system in which competition regulates the economy. When this happens it is only natural that there is a business cycle that goes along with the economy. There will be times of prosperity, but there will also be times of depression. One low point of the economic cycle of the capitalist system was the great depression....
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