Analysis of Sarcophagus with the Triumph of Dionysus and Four Seasons

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Analysis of Sarcophagus with the Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons A sarcophagus is a container or coffin that is used to bury dead human bodies. The materials used in this sarcophagus are marble which is luxurious and most expensive material and follow by stone, lead and wood. In the front panel of the sarcophagus are the figures of the Greek god Dionysus. The scale of Dionysus is much more biggest when compare with the four seasons and the Bacchus or cultic objects which carved only with a smaller scale. Dionysus is the main focal point in this sarcophagus because it is different from the other and he is the only who riding a big beast of panther which make the scale even bigger. Dionysus is holding a scepter or thyrsus in his left hand and pouring wine with his right hand. To the right side of Dionysus, there is the figure of a satyr he is the follower of the god Dionysus. Satyr is holding a cup where the Greek god is pouring the wine for him. On each side of Dionysus there are two male figures carved with profile view positions and have its own deputation. The Four figures (from left to right, Winter, Spring, Summer, and Fall) are holding fruit baskets and one of the four figure is even holding an animal (rabbit) in his right hand. The sides and front of the sarcophagus are decorated with forty human and animals figures. There are covered with fruits basket around at the sarcophagus. On the rounded end of the sarcophagus, there are two other groups of large figures which the scale almost same with the four season. On the left end is Mother Earth, it is portrayed reclining on the ground and accompanied by youths with carrying fruit. On the right end is bearded male figure reclining in front of two winged youths. It may identify with the personification of a river god. These two sculptures are probably representing two additional Seasons. These sarcophagi create a harmony view. God Dionysus in the middle follow by four seasons with the Winter, Spring at the...
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