The Iliad, an epic by Homer, and the Bible, the holy book for Christians, both feature gods and goddesses. However, the Bible only has one God. The worshipers of their god/gods in The Iliad and in the Bible, the Greeks and the Christians, both think of their gods as just and fair. This isn’t necessarily true.
In the Iliad, the religion that is followed by the Greeks and Trojans is polytheistic, meaning that they worship more than one god. These gods live a decadent lifestyle in Mount Olympus, their home. Life for them is like one big party. They also have the option of mingling with the mortals on Earth. They take a very active role in the lives of mortals on Earth. In many cases, the gods and goddesses have relationships with mortals and have mortal children with them. The characters in the Iliad accept that the gods will interact with them and even expect it on a daily basis. Divine intervention plays a crucial role in the plot development and story of the Iliad. The gods all take sides in the Trojan War. On the Greeks’ side was Hera, Poseidon, Athena and Hermes. On the side of the Trojans was Apollo, Aphrodite, Artemis and her mother Leto. Zeus, king of the gods, remains neutral throughout the fight, and allows the other gods to do what they want in the fight. His wife, Hera, certainly isn’t neutral. She schemes and plots behind her husband’s back, and even tries to get him to join her against the Trojans. She is bitter towards the Trojans because of the incident with Paris and the other two goddesses. He chose Aphrodite over her as the most fair of the goddesses, and since he is Trojan, she is now resentful towards him and the Trojans. Her daughter was also replaced as cupbearer by a Trojan boy, which further fueled her hatred toward the Trojans. In book 5, Hera is seen on the battle field with Athena fighting against the Trojans. She and Athena also mock Aphrodite, a supporter of the Trojans, when she is wounded on the battlefield. Aphrodite supported the...
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