Professor Aaron Wilson
8 September 2011
Analysis to Anselm’s Ontological Argument and the Argument from Evil The debate of the existence of God had been active since before the first philosopher has pondered the question. Anselm’s Ontological Argument was introduced during the 11th century and had stood deductively valid until the 18th century. Then there are the arguments to aim disprove God, such as the Argument from Evil. The Ontological argument is an a priori deductive argument. That is, an argument relating to being, that is independent of prior knowledge of the subject and with a conclusion you must accept IF one accepts the preceding premises. St. Anselm of Canterbury presents the Ontological Argument: 1. We conceive of God as a being than which no greater can be conceived. 2. This being than which no greater can be conceived either exists in the mind alone or both in the mind and in reality. 3. Assume that this being than which no greater can be conceived exists in the mind alone. 1. Existing both in the mind and in reality is greater than existing solely in the mind. 2. This being, existing in the mind alone, can also be conceived to exist in reality. 3. This being existing in the mind alone is not therefore the being than which no greater can be conceived. 4. [Conclusion] Therefore, this being than which no greater can be conceived exists in reality as well as exists in the mind. (Archie, screen 2) The first premise simply states that God is the greatest possible being. This premise does not state that God’s strengths as this argument is to prove his existence, not whether or not God is all-powerful, all-knowing and all-good. The second premise means this greatest possible being is either an imaginary being that one has thought of or, a being that we not only is not only thought of but also exists. The third...